Coping Cat – Individual

Mental Health Promising

Coping Cat – Individual is a cognitive-behavioral approach designed to treat children ages 7–13 who are diagnosed with an anxiety disorder (e.g., generalized anxiety disorder, social phobia, separation anxiety disorder) and their parents. Treatment is divided into two parts with eight sessions each. During the first eight sessions, the therapist teaches the child how to recognize anxious feelings and thoughts, use strategies to manage anxiety, and reward themselves for facing the anxiety. During the last eight sessions, the child completes tasks designed to expose them to anxiety provoking situations based on their specific anxieties. Exposure starts with tasks that are less anxiety provoking and increases gradually to tasks that are more and more anxiety provoking. In between sessions, the child completes exercises to aid in skill development. The therapist meets with parents for one session in each part to orient parents to the goals of treatment and teach them how to practice skills at home with their child.


Coping Cat – Individual is rated as a promising practice because at least one study achieved a rating of moderate or high on study design and execution and demonstrated a favorable effect on a target outcome.


Date Research Evidence Last Reviewed: May 2022


Sources

The program or service description, target population, and program or service delivery and implementation information were informed by the following sources: the program or service manual, the California Evidence-Based Clearinghouse for Child Welfare, and the studies reviewed.


This information does not necessarily represent the views of the program or service developers. For more information on how this program or service was reviewed, visit the Review Process page or download the Handbook.

Target Population

Coping Cat – Individual is designed to treat children ages 7–13 who are diagnosed with an anxiety disorder (e.g., generalized anxiety disorder, social phobia, separation anxiety disorder) and their parents.

Dosage

Coping Cat – Individual is delivered over 16 sessions. Sessions last about 50–60 minutes and typically occur weekly. The therapist meets with the child individually for all sessions except sessions 4 and 9, when the therapist meets with just the parent(s).

Location/Delivery Setting
Recommended Locations/Delivery Settings

Coping Cat – Individual is delivered in clinical settings.

Location/Delivery Settings Observed in the Research

  • Mental Health Center, Treatment Center, Therapist Office

Education, Certifications and Training

Education requirements are determined by the organization implementing Coping Cat – Individual. The program developer provides supervised training upon request.

Program or Service Documentation
Book/Manual/Available documentation used for review

The Therapist Manual is implemented in conjunction with the Coping Cat Workbook.

Kendall, P. C., & Hedtke, K. A. (2006). Cognitive-behavioral therapy for anxious children: Therapist manual (3rd ed.). Workbook Publishing.

Kendall, P. C., & Hedtke, K. A. (2006). Coping Cat workbook (2nd ed.). Workbook Publishing.

Available languages

Coping Cat – Individual materials are available in English and Spanish.

Contact Information for Developers

Website: https://www.workbookpublishing.com/anxiety.html

Email: pkendall@temple.edu 

Results of Search and Review Number of Studies Identified and Reviewed for Coping Cat – Individual
Identified in Search 36
Eligible for Review 8
Rated High 1
Rated Moderate 1
Rated Low 6
Reviewed Only for Risk of Harm 0
Outcome Effect Size Effect Size more info
and Implied Percentile Effect Implied Percentile Effect more info
N of Studies (Findings) N of Participants Summary of Findings
Child well-being: Behavioral and emotional functioning 0.09
3
2 (18) 87 Favorable: 1
No Effect: 15
Unfavorable: 2
Adult well-being: Family functioning -0.05
-2
1 (10) 50 Favorable: 0
No Effect: 10
Unfavorable: 0

Note: For the effect sizes and implied percentile effects reported in the table, a positive number favors the intervention group and a negative number favors the comparison group.

Outcome Effect Size Effect Size more info
and Implied Percentile Effect Implied Percentile Effect more info
N of Studies (Findings) N of Participants Summary of Findings Months after treatment
when outcome measured
Months after treatment when outcome measured more info
Child well-being: Behavioral and emotional functioning 0.09
3
2 (18) 87 Favorable: 1
No Effect: 15
Unfavorable: 2
-
Southam-Gerow, 2010
State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children: Trait Anxiety (Child Report) -0.72 *
-26
- 36 - 0
Child Anxiety Factor (Child Report) -0.69 *
-25
- 37 - 0
State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children: Trait Anxiety (Parent Report) -0.11
-4
- 35 - 0
Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children: Anxiety Disorder Symptoms (Parent Report) -0.06
-2
- 36 - 0
Child Anxiety Factor (Parent Report) -0.11
-4
- 37 - 0
Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children: Disruptive Behavior Disorder Diagnoses (Parent Report) 0.72 *
26
- 37 - 0
Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children: Anxiety Diagnoses (Combined Parent and Child Report) -0.16
-6
- 37 - 0
Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children: Depression Diagnoses (Combined Parent and Child Report) 0.00
0
- 37 - 0
Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children: Total Diagnoses (Combined Parent and Child Report) 0.16
6
- 37 - 0
Yen, 2014
Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children – Taiwanese: Social Anxiety 0.52
19
- 50 - 0
Child Behavior Checklist: Syndrome Subscale, Somatic Complaints 0.23
9
- 50 - 0
Child Behavior Checklist: Syndrome Subscale, Aggressive Behavior 0.11
4
- 50 - 0
Child Behavior Checklist: Syndrome Subscale, Externalizing 0.14
5
- 50 - 0
Child Behavior Checklist: Syndrome Subscale, Social Problems 0.14
5
- 50 - 0
Child Behavior Checklist: Syndrome Subscale, Thought Problems 0.18
7
- 50 - 0
Child Behavior Checklist: DSM-Oriented Subscale, Affective Problems 0.38
14
- 50 - 0
Child Behavior Checklist: DSM-Oriented Subscale, Somatic Problems 0.19
7
- 50 - 0
Child Behavior Checklist: DSM-Oriented Subscale, Oppositional Defiant Problems 0.10
4
- 50 - 0
Adult well-being: Family functioning -0.05
-2
1 (10) 50 Favorable: 0
No Effect: 10
Unfavorable: 0
-
Yen, 2014
Parenting Stress Index – Chinese: Parent Domain, Total Score -0.14
-5
- 50 - 0
Parenting Stress Index – Chinese: Competence 0.16
6
- 50 - 0
Parenting Stress Index – Chinese: Attachment -0.30
-11
- 50 - 0
Parenting Stress Index – Chinese: Depression -0.17
-6
- 50 - 0
Parenting Stress Index – Chinese: Spouse -0.09
-3
- 50 - 0
Parenting Stress Index – Chinese: Isolation -0.36
-14
- 50 - 0
Parenting Stress Index – Chinese: Health -0.01
0
- 50 - 0
Parenting Stress Index – Chinese: Child Domain, Total Score 0.33
12
- 50 - 0
Parenting Stress Index – Chinese: Reinforces Parent -0.04
-1
- 50 - 0
Parenting Stress Index – Chinese: Demandingness 0.07
2
- 50 - 0

*p <.05

Note: For the effect sizes and implied percentile effects reported in the table, a positive number favors the intervention group and a negative number favors the comparison group. Effect sizes and implied percentile effects were calculated by the Prevention Services Clearinghouse as described in the Handbook of Standards and Procedures, Section 5.10.4 and may not align with effect sizes reported in individual publications.

Only publications with eligible contrasts that met design and execution standards are included in the individual study findings table.

Full citations for the studies shown in the table are available in the "Studies Reviewed" section.

Sometimes study results are reported in more than one document, or a single document reports results from multiple studies. Studies are identified below by their Prevention Services Clearinghouse study identification numbers.

Studies Rated High

Study 12258

Southam-Gerow, M. A., Weisz, J. R., Chu, B. C., McLeod, B. D., Gordis, E. B., & Connor-Smith, J. K. (2010). Does cognitive behavioral therapy for youth anxiety outperform usual care in community clinics? An initial effectiveness test. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 49(10), 1043-1052. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2010.06.009


Studies Rated Moderate

Study 12180

Yen, C.-F., Chen, Y.-M., Cheng, J.-W., Liu, T.-L., Huang, T.-Y., Wang, P.-W., Yang, P., & Chou, W.-J. (2014). Effects of cognitive-behavioral therapy on improving anxiety symptoms, behavioral problems and parenting stress in Taiwanese children with anxiety disorders and their mothers. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 45(3), 338-347. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-013-0403-9


Studies Rated Low

Study 12170

McNally Keehn, R. H., Lincoln, A. J., Brown, M. Z., & Chavira, D. A. (2013). The Coping Cat program for children with anxiety and autism spectrum disorder: A pilot randomized controlled trial. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 43(1), 57-67. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-012-1541-9

This study received a low rating because it did not meet design confound standards.
Study 12353

Kendall, P. C., Flannery-Schroeder, E., Panichelli-Mindel, S. M., Southam-Gerow, M., Henin, A., & Warman, M. (1997). Therapy for youths with anxiety disorders: A second randomized clincal trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 65(3), 366-380. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.65.3.366

Kendall, P. C., & Ollendick, T. H. (2004). Setting the research and practice agenda for anxiety in children and adolescence: A topic comes of age. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 11(1), 65-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1077-7229(04)80008-7

Kerns, C. M., Read, K. L., Klugman, J., & Kendall, P. C. (2013). Cognitive behavioral therapy for youth with social anxiety: Differential short and long-term treatment outcomes. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 27(2), 210-215. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2013.01.009

Puleo, C. M., Conner, B. T., Benjamin, C. L., & Kendall, P. C. (2011). CBT for childhood anxiety and substance use at 7.4-year follow-up: A reassessment controlling for known predictors. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 25(5), 690-696. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2011.03.005

This study received a low rating because it did not meet design confound standards.
Study 12255

Kendall, P. C. (1994). Treating anxiety disorders in children: Results of a randomized clinical trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62(1), 100-110. https://doi.org/10.1037//0022-006x.62.1.100

Kendall, P. C., & Southam-Gerow, M. A. (1996). Long-term follow-up of a cognitive-behavioral therapy for anxiety-disordered youth. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 64(4), 724-730. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.64.4.724

This study received a low rating because it did not meet design confound standards.
Study 12384

Kerns, C. M., Wood, J. J., Kendall, P. C., Renno, P., Crawford, E. A., Mercado, R. J., Fujii, C., Collier, A., Hoff, A., Kagan, E. R., Small, B. J., Lewin, A. B., & Storch, E. A. (2016). The Treatment of Anxiety in Autism Spectrum Disorder (TAASD) study: Rationale, design and methods. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 25(6), 1889-1902. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-016-0372-2

Wood, J. J., Kendall, P. C., Wood, K. S., Kerns, C. M., Seltzer, M., Small, B. J., Lewin, A. B., & Storch, E. A. (2020). Cognitive behavioral treatments for anxiety in children with autism spectrum disorder: A randomized clinical trial. JAMA Psychiatry, 77(5), 474-483. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.4160

Frank, H. E., Kagan, E. R., Storch, E. A., Wood, J. J., Kerns, C. M., Lewin, A. B., Small, B. J., & Kendall, P. C. (2020). Accommodation of anxiety in youth with autism spectrum disorder: Results from the TAASD study. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 51(2), 219-229. https://doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2020.1759075

This study received a low rating because baseline equivalence of the intervention and comparison groups was necessary and not demonstrated.
Study 14322

Villabø, M. A., Narayanan, M., Compton, S. N., Kendall, P. C., & Neumer, S.-P. (2018). Cognitive-behavioral therapy for youth anxiety: An effectiveness evaluation in community practice. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 86(9), 751-764. https://doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000326

This study received a low rating because the standards for addressing missing data were not met.
Study 12358

Flannery-Schroeder, E. C., & Kendall, P. C. (2000). Group and individual cognitive-behavioral treatments for youth with anxiety disorders: A randomized clinical trial. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 24(3), 251-278. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1005500219286

Flannery-Schroeder, E., Choudhury, M. S., & Kendall, P. C. (2005). Group and individual cognitive-behavioral treatments for youth with anxiety disorders: 1-year follow-up. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 29(2), 253-259. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-005-3168-z

This study received a low rating because it did not meet design confound standards.


Studies Not Eligible for Review

Study 12106

Britton, J. C., Bar-Haim, Y., Clementi, M. A., Sankin, L. S., Chen, G., Shechner, T., Norcross, M. A., Spiro, C. N., Lindstrom, K. M., & Pine, D. S. (2013). Training-associated changes and stability of attention bias in youth: Implications for Attention Bias Modification Treatment for pediatric anxiety. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 4, 52-64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dcn.2012.11.001

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 12117

Lavallee, K., Schuck, K., Blatter-Meunier, J., & Schneider, S. (2019). Transgenerational improvements following child anxiety treatment: An exploratory examination. PloS ONE, 14(2), e0212667. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0212667

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 12139

Ladouceur, C. D., Tan, P. Z., Sharma, V., Bylsma, L. M., Silk, J. S., Siegle, G. J., Forbes, E. E., McMakin, D. L., Dahl, R. E., Kendall, P. C., Mannarino, A., & Ryan, N. D. (2018). Error‐related brain activity in pediatric anxiety disorders remains elevated following individual therapy: A randomized clinical trial. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 59(11), 1152-1161. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.12900

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12141

Hughes, A. A., & Kendall, P. C. (2007). Prediction of cognitive behavior treatment outcome for children with anxiety disorders: Therapeutic relationship and homework compliance. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 35(4), 487-494. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1352465807003761

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12150

Kendall, P. C., Hudson, J. L., Gosch, E., Flannery-Schroeder, E., & Suveg, C. (2008). Cognitive-behavioral therapy for anxiety disordered youth: A randomized clinical trial evaluating child and family modalities. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76(2), 282-297. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.76.2.282

Settipani, C. A., & Kendall, P. C. (2013). Social functioning in youth with anxiety disorders: Association with anxiety severity and outcomes from cognitive-behavioral therapy. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 44(1), 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-012-0307-0

Suveg, C., Hudson, J. L., Brewer, G., Flannery-Schroeder, E., Gosch, E., & Kendall, P. C. (2009). Cognitive-behavioral therapy for anxiety-disordered youth: secondary outcomes from a randomized clinical trial evaluating child and family modalities. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 23(3), 341-349. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2009.01.003

Podell, J. L., & Kendall, P. C. (2011). Mothers and fathers in family cognitive-behavioral therapy for anxious youth. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 20(2), 182-195. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-010-9420-5

Puleo, C. M., & Kendall, P. C. (2011). Anxiety disorders in typically developing youth: Autism spectrum symptoms as a predictor of cognitive-behavioral treatment. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41(3), 275-286. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-010-1047-2

Mychailyszyn, M. P., Carper, M. M., & Gibby, B. (2018). Exploring the occurrence of sudden gains among anxious youth receiving evidence‐based cognitive‐behavioral therapy. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 23(3), 251-257. https://doi.org/10.1111/camh.12254

Khanna, M. S., & Kendall, P. C. (2009). Exploring the role of parent training in the treatment of childhood anxiety. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 77(5), 981-986. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0016920

Peterman, J. S., Carper, M. M., & Kendall, P. C. (2019). Testing the habituation-based model of exposures for child and adolescent anxiety. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 48(Sup1), S34-S44. https://doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2016.1163707

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12153

Schoneveld, E. A., Lichtwarck-Aschoff, A., & Granic, I. (2018). Preventing childhood anxiety disorders: Is an applied game as effective as a cognitive behavioral therapy-based program? Prevention Science, 19(2), 220-232. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11121-017-0843-8

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12155

Weisz, J. R., Chorpita, B. F., Palinkas, L. A., Schoenwald, S. K., Miranda, J., Bearman, S. K., Daleiden, E. L., Ugueto, A. M., Ho, A., Martin, J., Gray, J., Alleyne, A., Langer, D. A., Southam-Gerow, M. A., & Gibbons, R. D. (2012). Testing standard and modular designs for psychotherapy treating depression, anxiety, and conduct problems in youth: A randomized effectiveness trial. Archives of General Psychiatry, 69(3), 274-282. https://doi.org/10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2011.147

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 12156

Weiss, J. A., Viecili, M. A., & Bohr, Y. (2015). Parenting stress as a correlate of cognitive behavior therapy responsiveness in children with autism spectrum disorders and anxiety. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 30(3), 154-164. https://doi.org/10.1177/1088357614547808

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12163

Clementi, M. A., & Alfano, C. A. (2020). An integrated sleep and anxiety intervention for anxious children: A pilot randomized controlled trial. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 25(4), 945-957. https://doi.org/10.1177/1359104520933936

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12166

Creswell, C., Cruddace, S., Gerry, S., Gitau, R., McIntosh, E., Mollison, J., Murray, L., Shafran, R., Stein, A., Violato, M., Voysey, M., Willetts, L., Williams, N., Yu, L. M., & Cooper, P. J. (2015). Treatment of childhood anxiety disorder in the context of maternal anxiety disorder: A randomised controlled trial and economic analysis. Health Technology Assessment, 19(38), 1. https://doi.org/10.3310/hta19380

Creswell, C., Violato, M., Cruddace, S., Gerry, S., Murray, L., Shafran, R., Stein, A., Willetts, L., McIntosh, E., & Cooper, P. J. (2020). A randomised controlled trial of treatments of childhood anxiety disorder in the context of maternal anxiety disorder: Clinical and cost-effectiveness outcomes.  Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 61(1), 62-76. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13089

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 12181

Khan, A., Malik, T. A., Ahmed, S., & Riaz, A. (2020). Translation, adaptation and implementation of Coping Cat program with Pakistani children. Child & Youth Care Forum, 49(1), 23-41.

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 12194

de Souza, M. A. M., Salum, G. A., Jarros, R. B., Isolan, L., Davis, R., Knijnik, D., Manfro, G. G., & Heldt, E. (2013). Cognitive-behavioral group therapy for youths with anxiety disorders in the community: Effectiveness in low and middle income countries. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 41(3), 255-264. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1352465813000015

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12216

Bunford, N., Kujawa, A., Fitzgerald, K. D., Swain, J. E., Hanna, G. L., Koschmann, E., Simpson, D., Connolly, S., Monk, C. S., & Phan, K. L. (2017). Neural reactivity to angry faces predicts treatment response in pediatric anxiety. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 45(2), 385-395. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-016-0168-2

Burkhouse, K. L., Kujawa, A., Klumpp, H., Fitzgerald, K. D., Monk, C. S., & Phan, K. L. (2017). Neural correlates of explicit and implicit emotion processing in relation to treatment response in pediatric anxiety. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 58(5), 546-554. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.12658

Kujawa, A., Swain, J. E., Hanna, G. L., Koschmann, E., Simpson, D., Connolly, S., Fitzgerald, K. D., Monk, C. S., & Phan, K. L. (2016). Prefrontal reactivity to social signals of threat as a predictor of treatment response in anxious youth. Neuropsychopharmacology, 41(8), 1983-1990. https://doi.org/10.1038/npp.2015.368

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12217

Wood, J. J., McLeod, B. D., Piacentini, J. C., & Sigman, M. (2009). One-year follow-up of family versus child CBT for anxiety disorders: Exploring the roles of child age and parental intrusiveness. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 40(2), 301-316. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-009-0127-z

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12277

Southam-Gerow, M. A., Bonifay, W., McLeod, B. D., Cox, J. R., Violante, S., Kendall, P. C., & Weisz, J. R. (2020). Generalizability and decision studies of a treatment adherence instrument. Assessment, 27(2), 321-333. https://doi.org/10.1177/1073191118765365

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12285

Chu, B. C., Skriner, L. C., & Zandberg, L. J. (2013). Shape of change in cognitive behavioral therapy for youth anxiety: Symptom trajectory and predictors of change. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 81(4), 573-587. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0033390

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12309

Wolk, C. B., Kendall, P. C., & Beidas, R. S. (2015). Cognitive-behavioral therapy for child anxiety confers long-term protection from suicidality. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 54(3), 175-179. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2014.12.004

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12315

Peterman, J. S., Carper, M. M., Elkins, R. M., Comer, J. S., Pincus, D. B., & Kendall, P. C. (2016). The effects of cognitive-behavioral therapy for youth anxiety on sleep problems. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 37, 78-88. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2015.11.006

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 12326

Palitz, S. A., Rifkin, L. S., Norris, L. A., Knepley, M., Fleischer, N. J., Steinberg, L., & Kendall, P. C. (2019). But what will the results be?: Learning to tolerate uncertainty is associated with treatment-produced gains. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 68, Article 102146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2019.102146

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12334

Nauta, M. H., Scholing, A., Emmelkamp, P. M. G., & Minderaa, R. B. (2003). Cognitive-behavioral therapy for children with anxiety disorders in a clinical setting: No additional effect of a cognitive parent training. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 42(11), 1270-1278. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.chi.0000085752.71002.93

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 12336

Sieberg, C. B., Flannery-Schroeder, E., & Plante, W. (2011). Children with co-morbid recurrent abdominal pain and anxiety disorders: Results from a multiple-baseline intervention study. Journal of Child Health Care, 15(2), 126-139. https://doi.org/10.1177/1367493511401640

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 12337

Silk, J. S., Price, R. B., Rosen, D., Ryan, N. D., Forbes, E. E., Siegle, G. J., Dahl, R. E., McMakin, D. L., Kendall, P. C., & Ladouceur, C. D. (2019). A longitudinal follow-up study examining adolescent depressive symptoms as a function of prior anxiety treatment. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 58(3), 359-367. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2018.10.012

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12339

Dadsetan, P., Tehranizadeh, M., Tabatabaee, K. R., Fallah, P. A., & Ashtiani, A. F. (2011). Effectiveness of the Coping Cat therapy program in decreasing internalized symptoms of Iranian children. Developmental Psychology: Journal of Iranian Psychologists, 7(28), 313-322.

This study is ineligible for review because it is not available in English (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.3).

Study 12341

Skriner, L. C., Chu, B. C., Kaplan, M., Bodden, D. H. M., Bögels, S. M., Kendall, P. C., Nauta, M. H., Silverman, W. K., Wood, J. J., Barker, D. H., de la Torre, J., Saavedra, L., & Xie, M.-g. (2019). Trajectories and predictors of response in youth anxiety CBT: Integrative data analysis. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 87(2), 198-211. https://doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000367

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 12345

Hedtke, K. A., Kendall, P. C., & Tiwari, S. (2009). Safety-seeking and coping behavior during exposure tasks with anxious youth. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 38(1), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1080/15374410802581055

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12346

Smith, M. M., McLeod, B. D., Southam-Gerow, M. A., Jensen-Doss, A., Kendall, P. C., & Weisz, J. R. (2017). Does the delivery of CBT for youth anxiety differ across research and practice settings? Behavior Therapy, 48(4), 501-516. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2016.07.004

This study is ineligible for review because it does not report program or service impacts on an eligible target outcome (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.5).

Study 12352

Suveg, C., Kingery, J. N., Davis, M., Jones, A., Whitehead, M., & Jacob, M. L. (2017). Still lonely: Social adjustment of youth with and without social anxiety disorder following cognitive behavioral therapy. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 52, 72-78. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2017.10.005

Suveg, C., Jones, A., Davis, M., Jacob, M. L., Morelen, D., Thomassin, K., & Whitehead, M. (2018). Emotion-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy for youth with anxiety disorders: A randomized trial. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 46(3), 569-580. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-017-0319-0

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 14315

Albano, A. M., Comer, J. S., Compton, S. N., Piacentini, J., Kendall, P. C., Birmaher, B., Walkup, J. T., Ginsburg, G. S., Rynn, M. A., McCracken, J., Keeton, C., Sakolsky, D. J., & Sherrill, J. T. (2018). Secondary outcomes from the Child/Adolescent Anxiety Multimodal Study: Implications for clinical practice. Evidence-Based Practice in Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 3(1), 30-41. https://doi.org/10.1080/23794925.2017.1399485

Beidas, R. S., Lindhiem, O., Brodman, D. M., Swan, A., Carper, M., Cummings, C., Kendall, P. C., Albano, A. M., Rynn, M., Piacentini, J., McCracken, J., Compton, S. N., March, J., Walkup, J., Ginsburg, G., Keeton, C. P., Birmaher, B., Sakolsky, D., & Sherrill, J. (2014). A probabilistic and individualized approach for predicting treatment gains: An extension and application to anxiety disordered youth. Behavior Therapy, 45(1), 126-136. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2013.05.001

Caporino, N. E., Brodman, D. M., Kendall, P. C., Albano, A. M., Sherrill, J., Piacentini, J., Sakolsky, D., Birmaher, B., Compton, S. N., Ginsburg, G., Rynn, M., McCracken, J., Gosch, E., Keeton, C., March, J., & Walkup, J. T. (2013). Defining treatment response and remission in child anxiety: Signal detection analysis using the pediatric anxiety rating scale. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 52(1), 57-67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2012.10.006

Caporino, N. E., Read, K. L., Shiffrin, N., Settipani, C., Kendall, P. C., Compton, S. N., Sherrill, J., Piacentini, J., Walkup, J., Ginsburg, G., Keeton, C., Birmaher, B., Sakolsky, D., Gosch, E., & Albano, A. M. (2017). Sleep-related problems and the effects of anxiety treatment in children and adolescents. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 46(5), 675-685. https://doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2015.1063429

Caporino, N. E., Sakolsky, D., Brodman, D. M., McGuire, J. F., Piacentini, J., Peris, T. S., Ginsburg, G. S., Walkup, J. T., Iyengar, S., Kendall, P. C., & Birmaher, B. (2017). Establishing clinical cutoffs for response and remission on the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED). Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 56(8), 696-702. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2017.05.018

Cervin, M., Storch, E. A., Piacentini, J., Birmaher, B., Compton, S. N., Albano, A. M., Gosch, E., Walkup, J. T., & Kendall, P. C. (2020). Symptom-specific effects of cognitive-behavioral therapy, sertraline, and their combination in a large randomized controlled trial of pediatric anxiety disorders. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 61(4), 492-502. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13124

Compton, S. N., Walkup, J. T., Albano, A. M., Piacentini, J. C., Birmaher, B., Sherrill, J. T., Ginsburg, G. S., Rynn, M. A., McCracken, J. T., Waslick, B. D., Iyengar, S., Kendall, P. C., & March, J. S. (2010). Child/Adolescent Anxiety Multimodal Study (CAMS): Rationale, design, and methods. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 4(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/1753-2000-4-1

Compton, S. N., Peris, T. S., Almirall, D., Birmaher, B., Sherrill, J., Kendall, P. C., March, J. S., Gosch, E. A., Ginsburg, G. S., Rynn, M. A., Piacentini, J. C., McCracken, J. T., Keeton, C. P., Suveg, C. M., Aschenbrand, S. G., Sakolsky, D., Iyengar, S., Walkup, J. T., & Albano, A. M. (2014). Predictors and moderators of treatment response in childhood anxiety disorders: results from the CAMS trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 82(2), 212-224. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0035458

Crawley, S. A., Caporino, N. E., Birmaher, B., Ginsburg, G., Piacentini, J., Albano, A. M., Sherrill, J., Sakolsky, D., Compton, S. N., Rynn, M., McCracken, J., Gosch, E., Keeton, C., March, J., Walkup, J. T., & Kendall, P. C. (2014). Somatic complaints in anxious youth. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 45(4), 398-407. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-013-0410-x

Cummings, C. M., Caporino, N. E., Settipani, C. A., Read, K. L., Compton, S. N., March, J., Sherrill, J., Piacentini, J., McCracken, J., Walkup, J. T., Ginsburg, G., Albano, A. M., Rynn, M., Birmaher, B., Sakolsky, D., Gosch, E., Keeton, C., & Kendall, P. C. (2013). The therapeutic relationship in cognitive-behavioral therapy and pharmacotherapy for anxious youth. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 81(5), 859-864. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0033294

Gaynor, S. T. (2017). Temporal precedence in the identification of mediators of change: A brief comment on "Mediators of change in the child/adolescent multimodal treatment study" (Kendall et al., 2016). Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 85(1), 77-79. https://doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000108

Ginsburg, G. S., Kendall, P. C., Sakolsky, D., Compton, S. N., Piacentini, J., Albano, A. M., Walkup, J. T., Sherrill, J., Coffey, K. A., Rynn, M. A., Keeton, C. P., McCracken, J. T., Bergman, L., Iyengar, S., Birmaher, B., & March, J. (2011). Remission after acute treatment in children and adolescents with anxiety disorders: Findings from the CAMS. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 79(6), 806-813. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0025933

Gonzalez, A., Peris, T. S., Vreeland, A., Kiff, C. J., Kendall, P. C., Compton, S. N., Albano, A. M., Birmaher, B., Ginsburg, G. S., Keeton, C. P., March, J., McCracken, J., Rynn, M., Sherrill, J., Walkup, J. T., & Piacentini, J. (2015). Parental anxiety as a predictor of medication and CBT response for anxious youth. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 46(1), 84-93. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-014-0454-6

Gordon-Hollingsworth, A. T., Becker, E. M., Ginsburg, G. S., Keeton, C., Compton, S. N., Birmaher, B. B., Sakolsky, D. J., Piacentini, J., Albano, A. M., Kendall, P. C., Suveg, C. M., & March, J. S. (2015). Anxiety disorders in Caucasian and African American children: A comparison of clinical characteristics, treatment process variables, and treatment outcomes. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 46(5), 643-655. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-014-0507-x

Hale, A. E., Ginsburg, G. S., Chan, G., Kendall, P. C., McCracken, J. T., Sakolsky, D., Birmaher, B., Compton, S. N., Albano, A. M., & Walkup, J. T. (2018). Mediators of treatment outcomes for anxious children and adolescents: The role of somatic symptoms. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 47(1), 94-104. https://doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2017.1280804

Halldorsdottir, T., Ollendick, T. H., Ginsburg, G., Sherrill, J., Kendall, P. C., Walkup, J., Sakolsky, D. J., & Piacentini, J. (2015). Treatment outcomes in anxious youth with and without comorbid ADHD in the CAMS. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 44(6), 985-991. https://doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2014.952008

Hudson, J. L. (2009). Short term CBT and sertraline, alone or in combination, reduce anxiety in children and adolescents. Evidence-Based Mental Health, 12(3), 88-88. https://doi.org/10.1136/ebmh.12.3.88

Keeton, C. P., Ginsburg, G. S., Drake, K. L., Sakolsky, D., Kendall, P. C., Birmaher, B., Albano, A. M., March, J. S., Rynn, M., Piacentini, J., & Walkup, J. T. (2013). Benefits of child-focused anxiety treatments for parents and family functioning. Depression and Anxiety, 30(9), 865-872. https://doi.org/10.1002/da.22055

Keeton, C. P., Caporino, N. E., Kendall, P. C., Iyengar, S., Lee, P., Peris, T., Sakolsky, D., Piacentini, J., Compton, S. N., Albano, A. M., Birmaher, B., & Ginsburg, G. S. (2019). Mood and suicidality outcomes 3-11 years following pediatric anxiety disorder treatment. Depression and Anxiety, 36(10), 930-940. https://doi.org/10.1002/da.22944

Kendall, P. C., Cummings, C. M., Villabø, M. A., Narayanan, M. K., Treadwell, K., Birmaher, B., Compton, S., Piacentini, J., Sherrill, J., Walkup, J., Gosch, E., Keeton, C., Ginsburg, G., Suveg, C., & Albano, A. M. (2016). Mediators of change in the Child/Adolescent Anxiety Multimodal Treatment Study. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 84(1), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0039773

Makover, H. B., Kendall, P. C., Olino, T., Carper, M. M., Albano, A. M., Piacentini, J., Peris, T., Langley, A. K., Gonzalez, A., Ginsburg, G. S., Compton, S., Birmaher, B., Sakolsky, D., Keeton, C., & Walkup, J. (2020). Mediators of youth anxiety outcomes 3 to 12 years after treatment. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 70, Article 102188. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2020.102188

McGuire, J. F., Caporino, N. E., Palitz, S. A., Kendall, P. C., Albano, A. M., Ginsburg, G. S., Birmaher, B., Walkup, J. T., & Piacentini, J. (2019). Integrating evidence-based assessment into clinical practice for pediatric anxiety disorders. Depression and Anxiety, 36(8), 744-752. https://doi.org/10.1002/da.22900

Nail, J. E., Christofferson, J., Ginsburg, G. S., Drake, K., Kendall, P. C., McCracken, J. T., Birmaher, B., Walkup, J. T., Compton, S. N., Keeton, C., & Sakolsky, D. (2015). Academic impairment and impact of treatments among youth with anxiety disorders. Child & Youth Care Forum, 44(3), 327-342. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10566-014-9290-x

Norris, L. A., Rifkin, L. S., Olino, T. M., Piacentini, J., Albano, A. M., Birmaher, B., Ginsburg, G., Walkup, J., Compton, S. N., Gosch, E., & Kendall, P. C. (2019). Multi-informant expectancies and treatment outcomes for anxiety in youth. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 50(6), 1002-1010. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-019-00900-w

Peris, T. S., Compton, S. N., Kendall, P. C., Birmaher, B., Sherrill, J., March, J., Gosch, E., Ginsburg, G., Rynn, M., McCracken, J. T., Keeton, C. P., Sakolsky, D., Suveg, C., Aschenbrand, S., Almirall, D., Iyengar, S., Walkup, J. T., Albano, A. M., & Piacentini, J. (2015). Trajectories of change in youth anxiety during cognitive-behavior therapy. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 83(2), 239-252. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0038402

Peris, T. S., Caporino, N. E., O'Rourke, S., Kendall, P. C., Walkup, J. T., Albano, A. M., Bergman, R. L., McCracken, J. T., Birmaher, B., Ginsburg, G. S., Sakolsky, D., Piacentini, J., & Compton, S. N. (2017). Therapist-reported features of exposure tasks that predict differential treatment outcomes for youth with anxiety. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 56(12), 1043-1052. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2017.10.001

Piacentini, J., Bennett, S., Compton, S. N., Kendall, P. C., Birmaher, B., Albano, A. M., March, J., Sherrill, J., Sakolsky, D., Ginsburg, G., Rynn, M., Bergman, R. L., Gosch, E., Waslick, B., Iyengar, S., McCracken, J., & Walkup, J. (2014). 24- and 36-week outcomes for the Child/Adolescent Anxiety Multimodal Study (CAMS). Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 53(3), 297-310. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2013.11.010

Podell, J. L., Kendall, P. C., Gosch, E. A., Compton, S. N., March, J. S., Albano, A.-M., Rynn, M. A., Walkup, J. T., Sherrill, J. T., Ginsburg, G. S., Keeton, C. P., Birmaher, B., & Piacentini, J. C. (2013). Therapist factors and outcomes in CBT for anxiety in youth. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 44(2), 89-98. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0031700

Ryan, N. D. (2014). Treating anxiety in youth: Does maintenance treatment maintain? Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 53(3), 269-270. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2013.11.008

Rynn, M. A., Walkup, J. T., Compton, S. N., Sakolsky, D. J., Sherrill, J. T., Shen, S., Kendall, P. C., McCracken, J., Albano, A. M., Piacentini, J., Riddle, M. A., Keeton, C., Waslick, B., Chrisman, A., Iyengar, S., March, J. S., & Birmaher, B. (2015). Child/Adolescent Anxiety Multimodal Study: Evaluating safety. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 54(3), 180-190. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2014.12.015

Schleider, J. L., Ginsburg, G. S., Keeton, C. P., Weisz, J. R., Birmaher, B., Kendall, P. C., Piacentini, J., Sherrill, J., & Walkup, J. T. (2015). Parental psychopathology and treatment outcome for anxious youth: Roles of family functioning and caregiver strain. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 83(1), 213-224. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0037935

Strawn, J. R., Dobson, E. T., Mills, J. A., Cornwall, G. J., Sakolsky, D., Birmaher, B., Compton, S. N., Piacentini, J., McCracken, J. T., Ginsburg, G. S., Kendall, P. C., Walkup, J. T., Albano, A. M., & Rynn, M. A. (2017). Placebo response in pediatric anxiety disorders: Results from the Child/Adolescent Anxiety Multimodal Study. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 27(6), 501-508. https://doi.org/10.1089/cap.2016.0198

Taylor, J. H., Lebowitz, E. R., Jakubovski, E., Coughlin, C. G., Silverman, W. K., & Bloch, M. H. (2018). Monotherapy insufficient in severe anxiety? Predictors and moderators in the Child/Adolescent Anxiety Multimodal Study. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 47(2), 266-281. https://doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2017.1371028

Walkup, J. T., Compton, S. N., & Kendall, P. C. (2009). 'Behavior therapy, sertraline, or both in childhood anxiety': Commentary reply. The New England Journal of Medicine, 360(23), 2475-2477. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMc090139

Zehgeer, A., Ginsburg, G. S., Lee, P., Birmaher, B., Walkup, J., Kendall, P. C., Sakolsky, D., & Peris, T. (2018). Pharmacotherapy adherence for pediatric anxiety disorders: Predictors and relation to child outcomes. Child & Youth Care Forum, 47(5), 633-644. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10566-018-9459-9

Ginsburg, G. S., Becker, E. M., Keeton, C. P., Sakolsky, D., Piacentini, J., Albano, A. M., Compton, S. N., Iyengar, S., Sullivan, K., Caporino, N., Peris, T., Birmaher, B., Rynn, M., March, J., & Kendall, P. C. (2014). Naturalistic follow-up of youths treated for pediatric anxiety disorders. JAMA Psychiatry, 71(3), 310-318. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2013.4186

Peris, T. S., Sugar, C. A., Rozenman, M. S., Walkup, J. T., Albano, A. M., Compton, S., Sakolsky, D., Ginsburg, G., Keeton, C., Kendall, P. C., McCracken, J. T., & Piacentini, J. (2021). Long-term service use among youth previously treated for anxiety disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 60(4), 501-512. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2020.07.911

Ginsburg, G. S., Becker-Haimes, E. M., Keeton, C., Kendall, P. C., Iyengar, S., Sakolsky, D., Albano, A. M., Peris, T., Compton, S. N., & Piacentini, J. (2018). Results from the Child/Adolescent Anxiety Multimodal Extended Long-Term Study (CAMELS): Primary anxiety outcomes. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 57(7), 471-480. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2018.03.017

Haugland, B. S. M., Haaland, Å. T., Baste, V., Bjaastad, J. F., Hoffart, A., Rapee, R. M., Raknes, S., Himle, J. A., Husabø, E., & Wergeland, G. J. (2020). Effectiveness of brief and standard school-based cognitive-behavioral interventions for adolescents with anxiety: A randomized noninferiority study. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 59(4), 552-564. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2019.12.003

Wu, M. S., Caporino, N. E., Peris, T. S., Pérez, J., Thamrin, H., Albano, A. M., Kendall, P. C., Walkup, J. T., Birmaher, B., Compton, S. N., & Piacentini, J. (2020). The impact of treatment expectations on exposure process and treatment outcome in childhood anxiety disorders. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 48(1), 79-89. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-019-00574-x

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).