Cognitive Processing Therapy

Mental Health Promising

Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) is a cognitive-behavioral treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). CPT aims to help clients identify and address ways of thinking about traumatic experiences that might interfere with their recovery.

 

CPT typically consists of 12 sessions with homework assignments between sessions. During the first session the therapist provides an overview of PTSD and CPT and helps the individual identify a primary traumatic event. In sessions 2 and 3 the therapist focuses on examining the impact of the traumatic event and identifying problematic thoughts or “stuck points” that are interfering with recovery. In sessions 4 and 5 the therapist helps the individual process the traumatic event. In sessions 6 and 7 the therapist teaches skills for challenging patterns of problematic thinking. In sessions 8–10 the therapist focuses on increasing feelings of safety, trust, power, and control. Finally, in sessions 11 and 12 the therapist addresses issues of self-esteem and intimacy and helps the individual prepare for the end of treatment. An alternate protocol has individuals provide a written account of the trauma as part of sessions 4 and 5.


CPT is rated as a promising practice because at least one study achieved a rating of moderate or high on study design and execution and demonstrated a favorable effect on a target outcome.


Date Research Evidence Last Reviewed: May 2022


Sources

The program or service description, target population, and program or service delivery and implementation information were informed by the following sources: the program or service manual, the program or service developer’s website, and the studies reviewed.


This information does not necessarily represent the views of the program or service developers. For more information on how this program or service was reviewed, visit the Review Process page or download the Handbook.

Target Population

CPT is designed to treat adults with PTSD. CPT is not appropriate for individuals without trauma symptoms, those who are an immediate danger to themselves or others, or those who are experiencing psychotic symptoms.

Dosage

CPT can be offered in an individual, group, or combined group and individual format. Each of these formats can be offered in a variable-length option. In the variable-length option therapists can end treatment early or extend treatment based on the individuals’ PTSD symptoms.

In the individual format, therapists meet individually with clients. There are typically 12 sessions offered 12 times per week. Each session lasts about 50 minutes.

In the group format, therapists typically meet with groups of 69 clients. There are typically 12 sessions offered 12 times per week. Each session lasts about 90 minutes. There is also a variant of the group format which includes two 50-minute individual sessions to help process the traumatic event.

In the combined group and individual format, therapists typically meet with clients twice each week—once in a group setting with 69 clients and once in an individual setting. There are typically 24 sessions with the same content being presented in both group and individual sessions. Each group session lasts about 90 minutes, and each individual session lasts about 50 minutes.

Location/Delivery Setting
Recommended Locations/Delivery Settings

CPT is delivered in clinical settings.

Location/Delivery Settings Observed in the Research

  • Hospital/Medical Center
  • Mental Health Center, Treatment Center, Therapist Office

Education, Certifications and Training

Therapists must be licensed mental health professionals. Therapists have the option to obtain CPT Provider or Quality-Rated CPT Provider certification. For the CPT Provider certification, therapists must:

  • complete a web-based CPT training program,
  • participate in a live 2–3-day CPT training conducted by an approved trainer,
  • participate in 20 hours of group CPT consultation or at least 7.5 hours of supervised CPT consultations,
  • begin working with at least four individuals or two groups (or some combination),
  • successfully complete treatment with either two individuals, two groups, or one individual and one group,
  • complete a standardized instrument to assess clients’ PTSD symptoms weekly, and
  • submit session notes, PTSD scores, and sample worksheets or “stuck point” logs for evaluation if requested.

To achieve the Quality-Rated CPT Provider certification, therapists must complete the CPT provider certification requirements above and achieve a CPT fidelity rating of “minimal competency” or higher for at least two randomly selected session observations.

Program or Service Documentation
Book/Manual/Available documentation used for review

Resick, P. A., Monson, C. M., & Chard, K. M. (2017). Cognitive Processing Therapy for PTSD: A comprehensive manual. The Guilford Press.

Available languages

CPT materials are available in English, Arabic, Chinese (simplified and traditional), French, Japanese, Kurdish, and Spanish.

Other supporting materials

About CPT

Additional Resources

Contact Information for Developers

Website: http://cptforptsd.com

Email: cptforptsd@gmail.com

Results of Search and Review Number of Studies Identified and Reviewed for Cognitive Processing Therapy
Identified in Search 85
Eligible for Review 16
Rated High 2
Rated Moderate 4
Rated Low 10
Reviewed Only for Risk of Harm 0
Outcome Effect Size Effect Size more info
and Implied Percentile Effect Implied Percentile Effect more info
N of Studies (Findings) N of Participants Summary of Findings
Adult well-being: Parent/caregiver mental or emotional health 0.63
23
6 (21) 413 Favorable: 12
No Effect: 9
Unfavorable: 0

Note: For the effect sizes and implied percentile effects reported in the table, a positive number favors the intervention group and a negative number favors the comparison group.

Outcome Effect Size Effect Size more info
and Implied Percentile Effect Implied Percentile Effect more info
N of Studies (Findings) N of Participants Summary of Findings Months after treatment
when outcome measured
Months after treatment when outcome measured more info
Adult well-being: Parent/caregiver mental or emotional health 0.63
23
6 (21) 413 Favorable: 12
No Effect: 9
Unfavorable: 0
-
Amirpour, 2017
Golombok Rust Inventory of Marital State 1.54 *
43
- 22 - 0
Coping Styles Questionnaire: Escape-Avoidance 1.76 *
46
- 22 - 0
Golombok Rust Inventory of Marital State 1.68 *
45
- 22 - 1
Coping Styles Questionnaire: Escape-Avoidance -0.01
0
- 22 - 1
Graca, 2014
Beck Anxiety Inventory 0.02
0
- 34 - 0
Beck Depression Inventory – 2 0.15
5
- 34 - 0
PTSD Checklist – Civilian Version 0.77 *
28
- 34 - 0
Monson, 2012
Social Adjustment Scale – Self-Report: Family Unit 0.34
13
- 46 - 0
Social Adjustment Scale – Self-Report: Extended Family -0.09
-3
- 46 - 0
Social Adjustment Scale – Self-Report: Work -0.03
-1
- 46 - 0
Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale: Avoidance 0.71 *
26
- 46 - 0
Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale: Hyperarousal 0.65 *
24
- 46 - 0
Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale: Total Score 1.14 *
37
- 46 - 0
Nixon, 2016
Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory 0.22
8
- 46 - 0
Resick, 2002
PTSD Symptom Scale 2.70 *
49
- 79 - 0
Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale 2.98 *
49
- 81 - 0
Beck Depression Inventory 1.90 *
47
- 76 - 0
Weiss, 2015
Harvard Trauma Questionnaire: Trauma Symptoms 0.41 *
15
- 184 - 4
Hopkins Symptom Checklist for Depression and Anxiety – 25: Anxiety 0.27
10
- 184 - 4
Hopkins Symptom Checklist for Depression and Anxiety – 25: Depression 0.40 *
15
- 184 - 4
Dysfunction Scale 0.07
2
- 184 - 4

*p <.05

Note: For the effect sizes and implied percentile effects reported in the table, a positive number favors the intervention group and a negative number favors the comparison group. Effect sizes and implied percentile effects were calculated by the Prevention Services Clearinghouse as described in the Handbook of Standards and Procedures, Section 5.10.4 and may not align with effect sizes reported in individual publications.

Only publications with eligible contrasts that met design and execution standards are included in the individual study findings table.

Full citations for the studies shown in the table are available in the "Studies Reviewed" section.

Sometimes study results are reported in more than one document, or a single document reports results from multiple studies. Studies are identified below by their Prevention Services Clearinghouse study identification numbers.

Studies Rated High

Study 12787

Weiss, W. M., Murray, L. K., Sabir Zangana, G. A., Mahmooth, Z., Kaysen, D., Dorsey, S., Lindgren, K., Gross, A., Murray, S. M., Bass, J. K., & Bolton, P. (2015). Community-based mental health treatments for survivors of torture and militant attacks in Southern Iraq: A randomized control trial. BMC Psychiatry, 15, Article 249. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-015-0622-7

Mahmooth, Z., Weiss, W. M., Zangana, G. A. S., & Bolton, P. (2018). Study participant reported outcomes of mental health interventions: Results from a randomized controlled trial among survivors of systematic violence in southern Iraq. Global Mental Health, 5, Article e19. https://doi.org/10.1017/gmh.2018.11

Study 12776

Amirpour, B., Badri, A., Aghayousefi, A., Alipour, A., & Zare, H. (2017). The effect of cognitive processing therapy and schema therapy on marital satisfaction and avoidant coping in war veterans with chronic post-traumatic stress disorder. Journal of Nursing & Midwifery Sciences, 4(2), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.4103/2345-5756.231739


Studies Rated Moderate

Study 12798

Graca, J., Palmer, G., & Occhietti, K. (2014). Psychotherapeutic interventions for symptom reduction in veterans with PTSD: An observational study in a residential clinical setting. Journal of Loss & Trauma, 19(6), 558-567. https://doi.org/10.1080/15325024.2013.810441

Study 12780

Nixon, R. D. V., Best, T., Wilksch, S. R., Angelakis, S., Beatty, L. J., & Weber, N. (2016). Cognitive processing therapy for the treatment of acute stress disorder following sexual assault: A randomised effectiveness study. Behaviour Change, 33(4), 232-250. https://doi.org/10.1017/bec.2017.2

Study 12819

Monson, C. M., Gradus, J. L., Young-Xu, Y., Schnurr, P. P., Price, J. L., & Schumm, J. A. (2008). Change in posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms: Do clinicians and patients agree? Psychological Assessment, 20(2), 131-138. https://doi.org/10.1037/1040-3590.20.2.131

Monson, C. M., Schnurr, P. P., Resick, P. A., Friedman, M. J., Yinong, Y.-X., & Stevens, S. P. (2006). Cognitive processing therapy for veterans with military-related posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74(5), 898-907. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.74.5.898

Macdonald, A., Monson, C. M., Doron-Lamarca, S., Resick, P. A., & Palfai, T. P. (2011). Identifying patterns of symptom change during a randomized controlled trial of cognitive processing therapy for military-related posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 24(3), 268-276. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.20642

Monson, C. M., Macdonald, A., Vorstenbosch, V., Shnaider, P., Goldstein, E. S. R., Ferrier-Auerbach, A. G., & Mocciola, K. E. (2012). Changes in social adjustment with cognitive processing therapy: Effects of treatment and association with PTSD symptom change. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 25(5), 519-526. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.21735

Study 12834

Resick, P. A., Nishith, P., Weaver, T. L., Astin, M. C., & Feuer, C. A. (2002). A comparison of cognitive-processing therapy with Prolonged Exposure and a waiting condition for the treatment of chronic posttraumatic stress disorder in female rape victims. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 70(4), 867-879. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.70.4.867

Galovski, T. E., Monson, C. M., Bruce, S. E., & Resick, P. A. (2009). Does cognitive-behavioral therapy for PTSD improve perceived health and sleep impairment? Journal of Traumatic Stress, 22(3), 197-204. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.20418

Resick, P. A., Williams, L. F., Suvak, M. K., Monson, C. M., & Gradus, J. L. (2012). Long-term outcomes of cognitive-behavioral treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder among female rape survivors. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 80(2), 201-210. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0026602

Gutner, C. A., Suvak, M. K., Sloan, D. M., & Resick, P. A. (2016). Does timing matter? Examining the impact of session timing on outcome. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 84(12), 1108-1115. https://doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000120

Resick, P. A., Suvak, M. K., & Wells, S. Y. (2014). The impact of childhood abuse among women with assault-related PTSD receiving short-term cognitive-behavioral therapy. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 27(5), 558-567. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.21951

Scher, C. D., Suvak, M. K., & Resick, P. A. (2017). Trauma cognitions are related to symptoms up to 10 years after cognitive behavioral treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder. Psychological Trauma, 9(6), 750-757. https://doi.org/10.1037/tra0000258

Gradus, J. L., Suvak, M. K., Wisco, B. E., Marx, B. P., & Resick, P. A. (2013). Treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder reduces suicidal ideation. Depression & Anxiety, 30(10), 1046-1053. https://doi.org/10.1002/da.22117

Resick, P. A., Nishith, P., & Griffin, M. G. (2003). How well does cognitive-behavioral therapy treat symptoms of complex PTSD? An examination of child sexual abuse survivors within a clinical trial. CNS Spectrums, 8(5), 340-355. https://doi.org/10.1017/s1092852900018605

Keefe, J. R., Wiltsey Stirman, S., Cohen, Z. D., DeRubeis, R. J., Smith, B. N., & Resick, P. A. (2018). In rape trauma PTSD, patient characteristics indicate which trauma-focused treatment they are most likely to complete. Depression & Anxiety, 35(4), 330-338. https://doi.org/10.1002/da.22731


Studies Rated Low

Study 12813

Basharpoor, S., Narimani, M., Gamari-Give, H., Abolgasemi, A., & Molavi, P. (2011). Effect of cognitive processing therapy and holographic reprocessing on reduction of posttraumatic cognitions in students exposed to trauma. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry, 6(4), 138-144. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3395960/

This study received a low rating because baseline equivalence of the intervention and comparison groups was necessary and not demonstrated.
Study 12822

Chard, K. M. (2005). An evaluation of cognitive processing therapy for the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder related to childhood sexual abuse. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73(5), 965-971. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.73.5.965

Owens, G. P., Pike, J. L., & Chard, K. M. (2001). Treatment effects of cognitive processing therapy on cognitive distortions of female child sexual abuse survivors. Behavior Therapy, 32(3), 413-424. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0005-7894(01)80028-9

This study received a low rating because it did not meet design confound standards.
Study 12810

Forbes, D., Lloyd, D., Nixon, R. D. V., Elliott, P., Varker, T., Perry, D., Bryant, R. A., & Creamer, M. (2012). A multisite randomized controlled effectiveness trial of cognitive processing therapy for military-related posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 26(3), 442-452. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2012.01.006

Lloyd, D., Nixon, R. D. V., Varker, T., Elliott, P., Perry, D., Bryant, R. A., Creamer, M., & Forbes, D. (2014). Comorbidity in the prediction of cognitive processing therapy treatment outcomes for combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 28(2), 237-240. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2013.12.002

This study received a low rating because the standards for addressing missing data were not met.
Study 12799

Bolton, P., Bass, J. K., Sabir Zangana, G. A., Kamal, T., Murray, S. M., Kaysen, D., Lejuez, C. W., Lindgren, K., Pagoto, S., Murray, L. K., Van Wyk, S. S., Amin Ahmed, A. M., Mohammad Amin, N. M., & Rosenblum, M. (2014). A randomized controlled trial of mental health interventions for survivors of systematic violence in Kurdistan, northern Iraq. BMC Psychiatry, 14(1), 23-59. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-014-0360-2

This study received a low rating because baseline equivalence of the intervention and comparison groups was necessary and not demonstrated.
Study 12827

Resick, P. A., & Schnicke, M. K. (1992). Cognitive processing therapy for sexual assault victims. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60(5), 748-756. https://doi.org/10.1037//0022-006x.60.5.748

This study received a low rating because it did not meet design confound standards.
Study 12814

Alvarez, J., McLean, C., Harris, A. H. S., Rosen, C. S., Ruzek, J. I., & Kimerling, R. (2011). The comparative effectiveness of cognitive processing therapy for male veterans treated in a VHA posttraumatic stress disorder residential rehabilitation program. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 79(5), 590-599. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0024466

This study received a low rating because it did not meet design confound standards.
Study 12808

Galovski, T. E., Blain, L. M., Mott, J. M., Elwood, L., & Houle, T. (2012). Manualized therapy for PTSD: Flexing the structure of cognitive processing therapy. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 80(6), 968-981. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0030600

This study received a low rating because baseline equivalence of the intervention and comparison groups was necessary and not demonstrated.
Study 12803

Bass, J. K., Annan, J., Murray, S. M., Kaysen, D., Griffiths, S., Cetinoglu, T., Wachter, K., Murray, L. K., & Bolton, P. A. (2013). Controlled trial of psychotherapy for Congolese survivors of sexual violence. New England Journal of Medicine, 368(23), 2182-2191. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1211853

Murray, S. M., Augustinavicius, J., Kaysen, D., Rao, D., Murray, L. K., Wachter, K., Annan, J., Falb, K., Bolton, P., & Bass, J. K. (2018). The impact of cognitive processing therapy on stigma among survivors of sexual violence in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo: Results from a cluster randomized controlled trial. Conflict & Health, 12, Article 1. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13031-018-0142-4

This study received a low rating because the standards for addressing missing data were not met.
Study 12825

Ahrens, J., & Rexford, L. (2002). Cognitive processing therapy for incarcerated adolescents with PTSD. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 6(1), 201-216. https://doi.org/10.1300/J146v06n01_10

This study received a low rating because it did not meet design confound standards.
Study 12828

Williams, W., Graham, D. P., McCurry, K., Sanders, A., Eiseman, J., Chiu, P. H., & King-Casas, B. (2014). Group psychotherapy's impact on trust in veterans with PTSD: A pilot study. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 78(4), 335-348. https://doi.org/10.1521/bumc.2014.78.4.335

Williams, M. W., Graham, D., Sciarrino, N. A., Estey, M., McCurry, K. L., Chiu, P., & King-Casas, B. (2020). Does validity measure response affect CPT group outcomes in veterans with PTSD? Military Medicine, 185(3/4), e370-e376. https://doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usz385

This study received a low rating because it did not meet design confound standards.


Studies Not Eligible for Review

Study 12732

Roberge, E. M., Harris, J. A., Weinstein, H. R., & Rozek, D. C. (2021). Treating veterans at risk for suicide: An examination of the safety, tolerability, and outcomes of cognitive processing therapy. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 34(6), 228-1237. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.22662

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12733

Resick, P. A., Wachen, J. S., Dondanville, K. A., LoSavio, S. T., Young-McCaughan, S., Yarvis, J. S., Pruiksma, K. E., Blankenship, A., Jacoby, V., Peterson, A. L., & Mintz, J. (2021). Variable-length cognitive processing therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder in active duty military: Outcomes and predictors. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 141, Article 103846. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2021.103846

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12734

Post, L. M., Held, P., Smith, D. L., Black, K., Van Horn, R., Pollack, M. H., Rothbaum, B. O., & Rauch, S. A. M. (2021). Impact of intensive treatment programs for posttraumatic stress disorder on suicidal ideation in veterans and service members. Psychological Services, 18(4), 671-678. https://doi.org/10.1037/ser0000518

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12735

Marx, B. P., Thompson-Hollands, J., Lee, D. J., Resick, P. A., & Sloan, D. M. (2021). Estimated intelligence moderates cognitive processing therapy outcome for posttraumatic stress symptoms. Behavior Therapy, 52(1), 162-169. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2020.03.008

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12736

LoSavio, S. T., Murphy, R. A., & Resick, P. A. (2021). Treatment outcomes for adolescents versus adults receiving cognitive processing therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder during community training. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 34(4), 757-763. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.22668

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 12737

LoSavio, S. T., Beckham, J. C., Wells, S. Y., Resick, P. A., Sherwood, A., Coffman, C. J., Kirby, A. C., Beaver, T. A., Dennis, M. F., & Watkins, L. L. (2021). The effect of reducing posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms on cardiovascular risk: Design and methodology of a randomized clinical trial. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 102, Article 106269. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cct.2021.106269

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12738

Galovski, T. E., Smith, B. N., Micol, R. L., & Resick, P. A. (2021). Interpersonal violence and head injury: The effects on treatment for PTSD. Psychological Trauma, 13(3), 376-384. https://doi.org/10.1037/tra0000976

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 12739

Doran, J. M., O'Shea, M., & Harpaz-Rotem, I. (2021). In their own words: Veteran experiences with evidence-based treatments for PTSD in the Veterans Health Administration. The Psychiatric Quarterly, 92(3), 961-980. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11126-020-09861-z

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 12741

Rimane, E., Steil, R., Renneberg, B., & Rosner, R. (2021). Get secure soon: Attachment in abused adolescents and young adults before and after trauma-focused cognitive processing therapy. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 30(10), 1591-1601. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-020-01637-x

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 12742

Miles, S. R., Dillon, K. H., Jacoby, V. M., Hale, W. J., Dondanville, K. A., Wachen, J. S., Yarvis, J. S., Peterson, A. L., Mintz, J., Litz, B. T., Young-McCaughan, S., Resick, P. A., & STRONG STAR Consortium (2020). Changes in anger and aggression after treatment for PTSD in active duty military. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 76(3), 493–507. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22878

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12743

Maguen, S., Holder, N., Madden, E., Li, Y., Seal, K. H., Neylan, T. C., Lujan, C., Patterson, O. V., DuVall, S. L., & Shiner, B. (2020). Evidence-based psychotherapy trends among posttraumatic stress disorder patients in a national healthcare system, 2001-2014. Depression & Anxiety, 37(4), 356-364. https://doi.org/10.1002/da.22983

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12744

Lofgreen, A. M., Tirone, V., Carroll, K. K., Rufa, A. K., Smith, D. L., Bagley, J., Zalta, A. K., Brennan, M. B., Van Horn, R., Pollack, M. H., & Held, P. (2020). Improving outcomes for a 3-week intensive treatment program for posttraumatic stress disorder in survivors of military sexual trauma. Journal of Affective Disorders, 269, 134-140. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.03.036

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 12745

König, J., Unterhitzenberger, J., Calmer, C., Kohout, P., Karl, R., Rosner, R., & Butollo, W. (2020). What was helpful in today’s session? Responses of clients in two different psychotherapies for posttraumatic stress disorder. Psychotherapy, 57(3), 437-443. https://doi.org/10.1037/pst0000295

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12746

Holder, N., Shiner, B., Li, Y., Madden, E., Neylan, T. C., Seal, K. H., Lujan, C., Patterson, O. V., DuVall, S. L., & Maguen, S. (2020). cognitive processing therapy for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder: What is the median effective dose? Journal of Affective Disorders, 273, 425-433. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.04.030

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12747

Glassman, L. H., Mackintosh, M.-A., Wells, S. Y., Wickramasinghe, I., Walter, K. H., & Morland, L. A. (2020). Predictors of quality of life following cognitive processing therapy among women and men with post-traumatic stress disorder. Military Medicine, 185(5/6), e579-e585. https://doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usz474

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12748

Dillon, K. H., Hale, W. J., LoSavio, S. T., Wachen, J. S., Pruiksma, K. E., Yarvis, J. S., Mintz, J., Litz, B. T., Peterson, A. L., Resick, P. A., & STRONG STAR Consortium (2020). Weekly changes in blame and PTSD among active-duty military personnel receiving cognitive processing therapy. Behavior Therapy, 51(3), 386-400. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2019.06.008

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12749

Campbell, S. B., Erbes, C., Grubbs, K., & Fortney, J. (2020). Social support moderates the association between posttraumatic stress disorder treatment duration and treatment outcomes in telemedicine‐based treatment among rural veterans. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 33(4), 391-400. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.22542

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 12750

Baig, M. R., Ouyang, S., Mata-Galán, E., Dawes, M. A., & Roache, J. D. (2021). A comparison of cognitive processing therapy and Seeking Safety for the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder in veterans. Psychiatric Quarterly, 92(2), 735-750. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11126-020-09850-2

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12752

Sloan, D. M., Marx, B. P., Resick, P. A., Young-McCaughan, S., Dondanville, K. A., Mintz, J., Litz, B. T., & Peterson, A. L. (2019). Study design comparing written exposure therapy to cognitive processing therapy for PTSD among military service members: A noninferiority trial. Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications, 17, Article 100507. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conctc.2019.100507

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12754

Moring, J. C., Nason, E., Hale, W. J., Wachen, J. S., Dondanville, K. A., Straud, C., Moore, B. A., Mintz, J., Litz, B. T., Yarvis, J. S., Young-McCaughan, S., Peterson, A. L., Resick, P. A., & STRONG STAR Consortium (2019). Conceptualizing comorbid PTSD and depression among treatment-seeking, active duty military service members. Journal of Affective Disorders, 256, 541–549. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.06.039

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12755

Jak, A. J., Jurick, S., Crocker, L. D., Sanderson-Cimino, M., Aupperle, R., Rodgers, C. S., Thomas, K. R., Boyd, B., Norman, S. B., Lang, A. J., Keller, A. V., Schiehser, D. M., & Twamley, E. W. (2019). SMART-CPT for veterans with comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder and history of traumatic brain injury: A randomised controlled trial. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, 90(3), 333-341. https://doi.org/10.1136/jnnp-2018-319315

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12756

Jacoby, V. M., Hale, W., Dillon, K., Dondanville, K. A., Wachen, J. S., Yarvis, J. S., Litz, B. T., Mintz, J., Young‐McCaughan, S., Peterson, A. L., & Resick, P. A. (2019). Depression suppresses treatment response for traumatic loss-related posttraumatic stress disorder in active duty military personnel. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 32(5), 774-783. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.22441

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12757

Holmes, S. C., Johnson, C. M., Suvak, M. K., Sijercic, I., Monson, C. M., & Wiltsey Stirman, S. (2019). Examining patterns of dose response for clients who do and do not complete cognitive processing therapy. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 68, Article 102120. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2019.102120

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12758

Dedert, E. A., Resick, P. A., Dennis, P. A., Wilson, S. M., Moore, S. D., & Beckham, J. C. (2019). Pilot trial of a combined cognitive processing therapy and smoking cessation treatment. Journal of Addiction Medicine, 13(4), 322-330. https://doi.org/10.1097/ADM.0000000000000502

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 12759

Bernardi, J., Dahiya, M., & Jobson, L. (2019). Culturally modified cognitive processing therapy for Karen refugees with posttraumatic stress disorder: A pilot study. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 26(5), 531-539. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.2373

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12761

Thompson‐Hollands, J., Marx, B. P., Lee, D. J., Resick, P. A., & Sloan, D. M. (2018). Long-term treatment gains of a brief exposure-based treatment for PTSD. Depression & Anxiety, 35(10), 985-991. https://doi.org/10.1002/da.22825

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12762

Stirman, S. W., Gutner, C. A., Suvak, M. K., Adler, A., Calloway, A., & Resick, P. (2018). Homework completion, patient characteristics, and symptom change in cognitive processing therapy for PTSD. Behavior Therapy, 49(5), 741-755. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2017.12.001

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12764

Sloan, D. M., Marx, B. P., Lee, D. J., & Resick, P. A. (2018). A brief exposure-based treatment vs cognitive processing therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder: A randomized noninferiority clinical trial. JAMA Psychiatry, 75(3), 233-239. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2017.4249

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12765

Peterson, A. L., Resick, P. A., Mintz, J., Young-McCaughan, S., McGeary, D. D., McGeary, C. A., Velligan, D. I., Macdonald, A., Mata-Galan, E., Holliday, S. L., Dillon, K. H., Roache, J. D., Williams Christians, I., Moring, J. C., Bira, L. M., Nabity, P. S., Hancock, A. K., & Hale, W. J. (2018). Design of a clinical effectiveness trial of in-home cognitive processing therapy for combat-related PTSD. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 73, 27-35. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cct.2018.08.005

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12769

Feingold, Z. R., Fox, A. B., & Galovski, T. E. (2018). Effectiveness of evidence-based psychotherapy for posttraumatic distress within a jail diversion program. Psychological Services, 15(4), 409-418. https://doi.org/10.1037/ser0000194

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12770

Crocker, L. D., Jurick, S. M., Thomas, K. R., Keller, A. V., Sanderson-Cimino, M., Boyd, B., Rodgers, C., Twamley, E. W., & Jak, A. J. (2018). Worse baseline executive functioning is associated with dropout and poorer response to trauma-focused treatment for veterans with PTSD and comorbid traumatic brain injury. Behaviour Research & Therapy, 108, 68-77. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2018.07.004

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12771

Aronson, K. R., Welsh, J. A., Fedotova, A., Morgan, N. R., Perkins, D. F., & Travis, W. (2018). Treating PTSD in active duty service members using cognitive processing therapy or prolonged exposure therapy: Examining everyday practice at a military outpatient clinic. Military Psychology, 30(6), 465-475. https://doi.org/10.1080/08995605.2018.1478550

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12772

Schumm, J. A., Pukay-Martin, N. D., & Gore, W. L. (2017). A comparison of veterans who repeat versus who do not repeat a course of manualized, cognitive-behavioral therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder. Behavior Therapy, 48(6), 870–882. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2017.06.004

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 12774

Ito, M., Horikoshi, M., Resick, P. A., Katayanagi, A., Miyamae, M., Takagishi, Y., Takebayashi, Y., Kanie, A., Hirabayashi, N., & Furukawa, T. A. (2017). Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial of cognitive processing therapy for post-traumatic stress disorder among Japanese patients: The Safety, Power, Intimacy, Esteem, Trust (SPINET) study. BMJ Open, 7(6), Article e014292. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-014292

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12775

Bovin, M. J., Wolf, E. J., & Resick, P. A. (2017). Longitudinal associations between posttraumatic stress disorder severity and personality disorder features among female rape survivors. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 8, Article 6. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2017.00006

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12778

Ragsdale, K. A., & Voss Horrell, S. C. (2016). Effectiveness of Prolonged Exposure and cognitive processing therapy for U.S. veterans with a history of traumatic brain injury. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 29(5), 474-477. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.22130

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12779

Pruiksma, K. E., Taylor, D. J., Wachen, J. S., Mintz, J., Young-McCaughan, S., Peterson, A. L., Yarvis, J. S., Borah, E. V., Dondanville, K. A., Litz, B. T., Hembree, E. A., & Resick, P. A. (2016). Residual sleep disturbances following PTSD treatment in active duty military personnel. Psychological Trauma, 8(6), 697-701. https://doi.org/10.1037/tra0000150

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12781

Miles, S. R., & Thompson, K. E. (2016). Childhood trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder in a real-world Veterans Affairs clinic: Examining treatment preferences and dropout. Psychological Trauma, 8(4), 464-467. https://doi.org/10.1037/tra0000132

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 12782

Larsen, S. E., Wiltsey Stirman, S., Smith, B. N., & Resick, P. A. (2016). Symptom exacerbations in trauma-focused treatments: Associations with treatment outcome and non-completion. Behaviour Research & Therapy, 77, 68-77. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2015.12.009

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12783

Haller, M., Norman, S. B., Cummins, K., Trim, R. S., Xu, X., Cui, R., Allard, C. B., Brown, S. A., & Tate, S. R. (2016). Integrated cognitive behavioral therapy versus cognitive processing therapy for adults with depression, substance use disorder, and trauma. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 62, 38-48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsat.2015.11.005

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12784

Gutner, C. A., Gallagher, M. W., Baker, A. S., Sloan, D. M., & Resick, P. A. (2016). Time course of treatment dropout in cognitive-behavioral therapies for posttraumatic stress disorder. Psychological Trauma, 8(1), 115-121. https://doi.org/10.1037/tra0000062

This study is ineligible for review because it does not report program or service impacts on an eligible target outcome (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.5).

Study 12785

Cui, R., Haller, M., Skidmore, J. R., Goldsteinholm, K., Norman, S., & Tate, S. R. (2016). Treatment attendance among veterans with depression, substance use disorder, and trauma. Journal of Dual Diagnosis, 12(1), 15-26. https://doi.org/10.1080/15504263.2016.1146384

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12786

Bryan, C. J., Clemans, T. A., Hernandez, A. M., Mintz, J., Peterson, A. L., Yarvis, J. S., & Resick, P. A. (2016). Evaluating potential iatrogenic suicide risk in trauma‐focused group cognitive behavioral therapy for the treatment of PTSD in active duty military personnel. Depression and Anxiety, 33(6), 549-557. https://doi.org/10.1002/da.22456

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12788

Schumm, J. A., Walter, K. H., Bartone, A. S., & Chard, K. M. (2015). Veteran satisfaction and treatment preferences in response to a posttraumatic stress disorder specialty clinic orientation group. Behaviour Research & Therapy, 69, 75-82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2015.04.006

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12789

Lloyd, D., Couineau, A.-L., Hawkins, K., Kartal, D., Nixon, R. D. V., Perry, D., & Forbes, D. (2015). Preliminary outcomes of implementing cognitive processing therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder across a national veterans' treatment service. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 76(11), e1405-e1409. https://doi.org/10.4088/JCP.14m09139

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12791

Watts, B. V., Shiner, B., Zubkoff, L., Carpenter-Song, E., Ronconi, J. M., & Coldwell, C. M. (2014). Implementation of evidence-based psychotherapies for posttraumatic stress disorder in VA specialty clinics. Psychiatric Services, 65(5), 648-653. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ps.201300176

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12793

Mott, J. M., Mondragon, S., Hundt, N. E., Beason‐Smith, M., Grady, R. H., & Teng, E. J. (2014). Characteristics of U.S. veterans who begin and complete Prolonged Exposure and cognitive processing therapy for PTSD. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 27(3), 265-273. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.21927

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12795

Jayawickreme, N., Cahill, S. P., Riggs, D. S., Rauch, S. A. M., Resick, P. A., Rothbaum, B. O., & Foa, E. B. (2014). Primum non nocere (first do no harm): Symptom worsening and improvement in female assault victims after prolonged exposure for PTSD. Depression and Anxiety, 31(5), 412-419. https://doi.org/10.1002/da.22225

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 12796

Holliday, R., Link-Malcolm, J., Morris, E. E., & Surís, A. (2014). Effects of cognitive processing therapy on PTSD-related negative cognitions in veterans with military sexual trauma. Military Medicine, 179(10), 1077-1082. https://doi.org/10.7205/MILMED-D-13-00309

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12797

Hall, B. J., Bolton, P. A., Annan, J., Kaysen, D., Robinette, K., Cetinoglu, T., Wachter, K., & Bass, J. K. (2014). The effect of cognitive therapy on structural social capital: Results from a randomized controlled trial among sexual violence survivors in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. American Journal of Public Health, 104(9), 1680-1686. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2014.301981

This study is ineligible for review because it does not report program or service impacts on an eligible target outcome (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.5).

Study 12802

Couineau, A., Lloyd, D., Hawkins, K., Kartal, D., Nixon, R., Perry, D., & Forbes, D. (2013). From randomised controlled trial to national rollout: Outcomes of a national implementation program of cognitive processing therapy across the Veterans and Veterans Families Counselling Service. Journal of Military & Veterans' Health, 21(4), 25. https://jmvh.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/JMVH_December-2013-final-to-print.pdf

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible publication source (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.2).

Study 12804

Nixon, R. D. V. (2012). Cognitive processing therapy versus supportive counseling for acute stress disorder following assault: A randomized pilot trial. Behavior Therapy, 43(4), 825-836. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2012.05.001

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12806

Liverant, G. I., Pineles, S. L., Suvak, M. K., & Resick, P. A. (2012). Changes in posttraumatic stress disorder and depressive symptoms during cognitive processing therapy: Evidence for concurrent change. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 80(6), 957-967. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0030485

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12809

Gallagher, M. W., & Resick, P. A. (2012). Mechanisms of change in cognitive processing therapy and prolonged exposure therapy for PTSD: Preliminary evidence for the differential effects of hopelessness and habituation. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 36(6), 750-755. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-011-9423-6

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12811

Morland, L. A., Hynes, A. K., Mackintosh, M. A., Resick, P. A., & Chard, K. M. (2011). Group cognitive processing therapy delivered to veterans via telehealth: A pilot cohort. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 24(4), 465-469. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.20661

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12815

Lester, K., Resick, P. A., Yinong, Y.-X., & Artz, C. (2010). Impact of race on early treatment termination and outcomes in posttraumatic stress disorder treatment. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 78(4), 480-489. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0019551

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12816

Otis, J. D., Keane, T. M., Kerns, R. D., Monson, C., & Scioli, E. (2009). The development of an integrated treatment for veterans with comorbid chronic pain and posttraumatic stress disorder. Pain Medicine, 10(7), 1300-1311. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1526-4637.2009.00715.x

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 12817

Kelly, K. A., Rizvi, S. L., Monson, C. M., & Resick, P. A. (2009). The impact of sudden gains in cognitive behavioral therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 22(4), 287-293. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.20427

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12820

House, A. S. (2006). Increasing the usability of cognitive processing therapy for survivors of child sexual abuse. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 15(1), 87-103. https://doi.org/10.1300/J070v15n01_05

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12821

Monson, C. M., Price, J. L., & Ranslow, E. (2005). Treating combat PTSD through cognitive processing therapy. Federal Practitioner, 22, 75-83. https://cptforptsd.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/Monson_2005-CPT-for-military-PTSD-FedPrac.pdf

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12824

Owens, G. P., & Chard, K. M. (2003). Comorbidity and psychiatric diagnoses among women reporting child sexual abuse. Child Abuse & Neglect, 27(9), 1075-1082. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0145-2134(03)00168-6

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12829

Surís, A., Link‐Malcolm, J., Chard, K., Ahn, C., & North, C. (2013). A randomized clinical trial of cognitive processing therapy for veterans with PTSD related to military sexual trauma. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 26(1), 28-37. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.21765

Holliday, R., Williams, R., Bird, J., Mullen, K., & Surís, A. (2015). The role of cognitive processing therapy in improving psychosocial functioning, health, and quality of life in veterans with military sexual trauma-related posttraumatic stress disorder. Psychological Services, 12(4), 428-434. https://doi.org/10.1037/ser0000058

Holder, N., Holliday, R., Pai, A., & Surís, A. (2017). Role of borderline personality disorder in the treatment of military sexual trauma-related posttraumatic stress disorder with cognitive processing therapy. Behavioral Medicine, 43(3), 184-190. https://doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2016.1276430

Holliday, R., Holder, N., Monteith, L. L., & Surís, A. (2018). Decreases in suicide cognitions after cognitive processing therapy among veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder due to military sexual trauma: A preliminary examination. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 206(7), 575-578. https://doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0000000000000840

Holder, N., Holliday, R., Wiblin, J., & Surís, A. (2019). A preliminary examination of the effect of cognitive processing therapy on sleep disturbance among veterans with military sexual trauma-related posttraumatic stress disorder. Traumatology, 25(4), 316-323. https://doi.org/10.1037/trm0000196

Holder, N., Holliday, R., Wiblin, J., LePage, J. P., & Surís, A. (2019). Predictors of dropout from a randomized clinical trial of cognitive processing therapy for female veterans with military sexual trauma-related PTSD. Psychiatry Research, 276, 87-93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2019.04.022

Holder, N., Holliday, R., Wiblin, J., & Surís, A. (2019). Patterns and temporal precedence of symptom change during cognitive processing therapy for military sexual trauma-related posttraumatic stress disorder. Behavioural & Cognitive Psychotherapy, 47(5), 541-547. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000183

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12830

Rosner, R., Rimane, E., Frick, U., Gutermann, J., Hagl, M., Renneberg, B., Schreiber, F., Vogel, A., & Steil, R. (2019). Effect of developmentally adapted cognitive processing therapy for youth with symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder after childhood sexual and physical abuse: A randomized clinical trial. JAMA Psychiatry, 76(5), 484-491. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2018.4349

Rosner, R., Frick, U., & Steil, R. (2019). Posttraumatic stress disorder and cognitive processing therapy in youthReply. JAMA Psychiatry, 76(10), 1097-1098. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.1971

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 12831

Resick, P. A., Schuster Wachen, J., Dondanville, K. A., Pruiksma, K. E., Yarvis, J. S., Peterson, A. L., Mintz, J., Wachen, J. S., Borah, E. V., Brundige, A., Hembree, E. A., Litz, B. T., Roache, J. D., & Young-McCaughan, S. (2017). Effect of group vs individual cognitive processing therapy in active-duty military seeking treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder: A randomized clinical trial. JAMA Psychiatry, 74(1), 28-36. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2016.2729

Resick, P. A., Wachen, J. S., & Peterson, A. L. (2017). Clarification of clinical trial registration and reported study outcomes. JAMA Psychiatry, 74(6), 654-655. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2017.0869

Resick, P. A., LoSavio, S. T., Wachen, J. S., Dillon, K. H., Nason, E. E., Dondanville, K. A., Young-McCaughan, S., Peterson, A. L., Yarvis, J. S., & Mintz, J. (2020). Predictors of treatment outcome in group or individual cognitive processing therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder among active duty military. Cognitive Therapy & Research, 44(3), 611-620. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-020-10085-5

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12832

Resick, P. A., Wachen, J. S., Mintz, J., Young-McCaughan, S., Roache, J. D., Borah, A. M., Borah, E. V., Dondanville, K. A., Hembree, E. A., Litz, B. T., & Peterson, A. L. (2015). A randomized clinical trial of group cognitive processing therapy compared with group Present-Centered Therapy for PTSD among active duty military personnel. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 83(6), 1058-1068. https://doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000016

Dondanville, K. A., Wachen, J. S., Hale, W. J., Mintz, J., Roache, J. D., Carson, C., Litz, B. T., Yarvis, J. S., Young‐McCaughan, S., Peterson, A. L., Resick, P. A., Young-McCaughan, S., & Consortium, S. S. (2019). Examination of treatment effects on hazardous drinking among service members with posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 32(2), 310-316. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.22393

Abdallah, C. G., Averill, C. L., Ramage, A. E., Averill, L. A., Alkin, E., Nemati, S., Krystal, J. H., Roache, J. D., Resick, P. A., Young-McCaughan, S., Peterson, A. L., & Fox, P. (2019). Reduced salience and enhanced central executive connectivity following PTSD treatment. Chronic Stress, 3, Article 2470547019838971. https://doi.org/10.1177/2470547019838971

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12833

Resick, P. A., Uhlmansiek, M. O. B., Clum, G. A., Galovski, T. E., Scher, C. D., & Yinong, Y.-X. (2008). A randomized clinical trial to dismantle components of cognitive processing therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder in female victims of interpersonal violence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76(2), 243-258. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.76.2.243

Iverson, K. M., Gradus, J. L., Resick, P. A., Suvak, M. K., Smith, K. F., & Monson, C. M. (2011). Cognitive–behavioral therapy for PTSD and depression symptoms reduces risk for future intimate partner violence among interpersonal trauma survivors. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 79(2), 193-202. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0022512

Mitchell, K. S., Wells, S. Y., Mendes, A., & Resick, P. A. (2012). Treatment improves symptoms shared by PTSD and disordered eating. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 25(5), 535-542. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.21737

Resick, P. A., Suvak, M. K., Johnides, B. D., Mitchell, K. S., & Iverson, K. M. (2012). The impact of dissociation on PTSD treatment with cognitive processing therapy. Depression & Anxiety, 29(8), 718-730. https://doi.org/10.1002/da.21938

Gutner, C. A., Casement, M. D., Stavitsky Gilbert, K., & Resick, P. A. (2013). Change in sleep symptoms across cognitive processing therapy and Prolonged Exposure: A longitudinal perspective. Behaviour Research & Therapy, 51(12), 817-822. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2013.09.008

Shnaider, P., Vorstenbosch, V., Macdonald, A., Wells, S. Y., Monson, C. M., & Resick, P. A. (2014). Associations between functioning and PTSD symptom clusters in a dismantling trial of cognitive processing therapy in female interpersonal violence survivors. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 27(5), 526-534. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.21954

Jaffe, A. E., Kaysen, D., Smith, B. N., Galovski, T., & Resick, P. A. (2021). Cognitive processing therapy for substance‐involved sexual assault: Does an account help or hinder recovery? Journal of Traumatic Stress, 34(4), 864-871. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.22674

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12835

Morland , L. A., Mackintosh, M. A., Rosen, C. S., Willis, E., Resick, P., Chard, K., & Frueh, B. C. (2015). Telemedicine versus in‐person delivery of cognitive processing therapy for women with posttraumatic stress disorder: A randomized noninferiority trial. Depression and Anxiety, 32(11), 811-820. https://doi.org/10.1002/da.22397

Gobin, R. L., Mackintosh, M.-A., Willis, E., Allard, C. B., Kloezeman, K., & Morland, L. A. (2018). Predictors of differential PTSD treatment outcomes between veteran and civilian women after cognitive processing therapy. Psychological Trauma, 10(2), 173-182. https://doi.org/10.1037/tra0000266

Bosch, J., Mackintosh, M.-A., Wells, S. Y., Wickramasinghe, I., Glassman, L. H., & Morland, L. A. (2020). PTSD treatment response and quality of life in women with childhood trauma histories. Psychological Trauma, 12(1), 55-63. https://doi.org/10.1037/tra0000468

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12836

Goetter, E. M., Blackburn, A. M., Stasko, C., Han, Y., Brenner, L. H., Lejeune, S., Tanev, K. S., Spencer, T. J., & Wright, E. C. (2020). Comparative effectiveness of Prolonged Exposure and cognitive processing therapy for military service members in an intensive treatment program. Psychological Trauma, 13(6), 632-640. https://doi.org/10.1037/tra0000956

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 12837

Fortney, J. C., Pyne, J. M., Kimbrell, T. A., Hudson, T. J., Robinson, D. E., Schneider, R., Moore, W. M., Custer, P. J., Grubbs, K. M., & Schnurr, P. P. (2015). Telemedicine-based collaborative care for posttraumatic stress disorder: A randomized clinical trial. JAMA Psychiatry, 72(1), 58-67. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2014.1575

Chen, J. A., Fortney, J. C., Bergman, H. E., Browne, K. C., Grubbs, K. M., Hudson, T. J., & Raue, P. J. (2020). Therapeutic alliance across trauma-focused and non-trauma-focused psychotherapies among veterans with PTSD. Psychological Services, 17(4), 452-460. https://doi.org/10.1037/ser0000329

Grubbs, K. M., Fortney, J. C., Pyne, J. M., Hudson, T., Moore, W. M., Custer, P., Schneider, R., & Schnurr, P. P. (2015). Predictors of initiation and engagement of cognitive processing therapy among veterans with PTSD enrolled in collaborative care. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 28(6), 580-584. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.22049

Browne, K. C., Chen, J. A., Hundt, N. E., Hudson, T. J., Grubbs, K. M., & Fortney, J. C. (2021). Veterans self-reported reasons for non-attendance in psychotherapy for posttraumatic stress disorder. Psychological Services, 18(2), 173-185. https://doi.org/10.1037/ser0000375

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).