Dialectical Behavior Therapy®

Mental Health Substance Use Prevention or Treatment Supported

Dialectical Behavior Therapy® (DBT) is a cognitive-behavioral treatment designed for adults and teens with difficulty regulating their emotions. DBT aims to help participants “build a life worth living” by developing the skills needed to change patterns in their behaviors, emotions, thoughts, and interpersonal relationships. DBT’s approach is grounded in the idea that two seemingly opposing facts can both be true, most notably that the goals of therapy include both acceptance and change. A team of DBT providers, including therapists and skills trainers, strives to help participants both accept themselves and make changes in their behavior. 

 

DBT typically includes four key components: (1) individual therapy, (2) between-session telephone coaching, (3) therapist consultation team meetings, and (4) group skills training, but group skills training may also be delivered on its own. During individual therapy, participants and therapists establish target behaviors to increase or decrease (e.g., increasing self-respect and decreasing substance use) and identify alternative behaviors to use in specific situations. During the between-session telephone coaching, therapists provide in-the-moment support 24 hours a day to help participants avoid harmful behaviors and use new skills. During the therapist consultation team meetings, therapists and skills trainers discuss any implementation challenges and receive support designed to improve their capacity to treat participants. 

 

During the group skills training component, skills trainers teach behavioral skills to groups of participants over four modules: (1) mindfulness, (2) distress tolerance, (3) emotion regulation, and (4) interpersonal effectiveness. The mindfulness and distress tolerance modules focus on building acceptance-oriented skills, while the emotion regulation and interpersonal effectiveness modules focus on building change-oriented skills. In the mindfulness module, skills trainers emphasize accepting current circumstances and being present. In the distress tolerance module, skills trainers instruct participants on how to accept and tolerate painful situations without engaging in harmful behaviors such as substance use. In the emotion regulation module, skills trainers focus on helping participants learn to be less susceptible to painful emotions. Finally, in the interpersonal effectiveness module, skills trainers teach participants to ask for what they want, to say no when necessary, and to maintain respectful relationships with themselves and others. 


DBT is rated as a supported practice because at least one study carried out in a usual care or practice setting achieved a rating of moderate or high on design and execution and demonstrated a sustained favorable effect of at least 6 months beyond the end of treatment on at least one target outcome.


Date Research Evidence Last Reviewed: May 2024


Sources

The following sources informed the program or service description, target population, and program or service delivery and implementation information: the program or service manual, the program or service developer’s website, and the studies reviewed. 


This information does not necessarily represent the views of the program or service developers. For more information on how this program or service was reviewed, visit the Review Process page or download the Handbook.

Target Population

DBT is designed for adults and teens with difficulty regulating their emotions, including people with borderline personality disorder, suicidality, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, bipolar disorder, and substance use disorders.  

Dosage

Teams of therapists and skills trainers deliver DBT for between 24–52 weeks and can adapt the duration of the program depending on patient need. The four DBT components are designed to be delivered concurrently throughout the duration of the program, but DBT group skills training can also be delivered on its own. 

Therapists and participants meet once a week for individual therapy sessions, typically lasting either 1 hour or 1.5–2 hours, depending on participant need.  

Therapists hold telephone coaching calls with participants as needed between individual therapy sessions. Participants can call their therapists 24 hours a day. 

Two skills trainers typically deliver 2.5-hour weekly sessions to groups of 6–8 participants. Skills trainers typically deliver the four skills modules over a 24-week period. Skills trainers start with 2 weeks of training on mindfulness and then provide 5-7 weeks of training on each of the other three skills (distress tolerance, emotion regulation, and interpersonal effectiveness). Skills trainers also provide an additional two weeks of mindfulness training between each of these modules. For participants participating in 52 weeks of DBT, skills trainers complete a second cycle of the four skills modules. Skills trainers may offer maintenance sessions after participants have completed group skills training. 

Therapist consultation teams, which include both therapists and skills trainers, meet weekly throughout the treatment period.  

Location/Delivery Setting
Recommended Locations/Delivery Settings

Therapists and skills trainers deliver DBT in clinical settings, including therapists’ offices, outpatient clinics, and inpatient and residential treatment centers.

Location/Delivery Settings Observed in the Research

  • Mental Health Center, Treatment Center, Therapist Office
  • Telephone
  • Hospital/Medical Center

Education, Certifications and Training

Therapists are typically licensed mental health professionals. Skills trainers are typically psychotherapists, counselors, case managers, social workers, other clinical staff, or psychiatric nurses. Others who have received DBT training can deliver group skills training to participants, such as teachers, paraprofessionals, and volunteers.  

Therapists can go through an optional process to be a certified DBT clinician. The pre-requisites to become certified include having a graduate degree in a mental health-related field, a license to practice as an independent mental health practitioner, prior training in DBT and in mindfulness, and clinical experience delivering DBT individual therapy and telephone coaching. To receive certification, therapists must pass a written exam and an assessment of videotaped treatment sessions in which they deliver individual therapy. 

Program or Service Documentation
Book/Manual/Available documentation used for review

The following two resources are used to implement DBT: 

Linehan, M. M. (2014). DBT skills training manual: Second edition. Guilford Press. 

Linehan, M. (1993). Cognitive-behavioral treatment of borderline personality disorder. Guilford Press. 

Available languages

The DBT manual is available in English. 

Other supporting materials

DBT Certification Information 

For More Information

Website: https://depts.washington.edu/uwbrtc/about-us/dialectical-behavior-therapy/  

Email: brtc@uw.edu  


Note: The details on Dosage; Location; Education, Certifications, and Training; Other Supporting Materials; and For More Information sections above are provided to website users for informational purposes only. This information is not exhaustive and may be subject to change.

Results of Search and Review Number of Studies Identified and Reviewed for Dialectical Behavior Therapy®
Identified in Search 160
Eligible for Review 33
Rated High 5
Rated Moderate 3
Rated Low 25
Reviewed Only for Risk of Harm 0
Outcome Effect Size Effect Size more info
and Implied Percentile Effect Implied Percentile Effect more info
N of Studies (Findings) N of Participants Summary of Findings
Adult well-being: Parent/caregiver mental or emotional health 0.58
21
8 (57) 373 Favorable: 14
No Effect: 43
Unfavorable: 0
Adult well-being: Parent/caregiver physical health 0.57
21
2 (3) 91 Favorable: 2
No Effect: 1
Unfavorable: 0

Note: For the effect sizes and implied percentile effects reported in the table, a positive number favors the intervention group and a negative number favors the comparison group. Effect sizes for some outcomes were not able to be calculated by the Prevention Services Clearinghouse.

Outcome Effect Size Effect Size more info
and Implied Percentile Effect Implied Percentile Effect more info
N of Studies (Findings) N of Participants Summary of Findings Months after treatment
when outcome measured
Months after treatment when outcome measured more info
Adult well-being: Parent/caregiver mental or emotional health 0.58
21
8 (57) 373 Favorable: 14
No Effect: 43
Unfavorable: 0
-
Study 13195 - Standard DBT and Usual Care vs. Usual Care Only (Bianchini, 2019 - Not conducted in a usual care or practice setting)
Toronto Alexithymia Scale: Total Score 0.16
6
- 21 - 0
Toronto Alexithymia Scale: Difficulty Identifying Feelings -0.29
-11
- 21 - 0
Toronto Alexithymia Scale: Difficulty Describing Feelings 0.52
19
- 21 - 0
Toronto Alexithymia Scale: Externally Oriented Thinking -0.47
-17
- 21 - 0
Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale: Total Score 0.18
7
- 21 - 0
Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale: Nonacceptance of Emotional Responses 0.50
19
- 21 - 0
Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale: Difficulties Engaging in Goal‐directed Behaviour -0.58
-21
- 21 - 0
Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale: Impulse Control Difficulties -0.21
-8
- 21 - 0
Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale: Lack of Emotional Awareness -0.56
-21
- 21 - 0
Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale: Limited Access to Emotion Regulation Strategies -0.12
-4
- 21 - 0
Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale: Lack of Emotional Clarity 0.00
0
- 21 - 0
Barratt Impulsiveness Scale 0.21
8
- 21 - 0
Study 13208 - Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) vs. TAU + WL (Carter, 2010)
World Health Organization Quality of Life – BREF: Psychological 0.28
11
- 51 - 3
World Health Organization Quality of Life – BREF: Psychological 0.86 *
30
- 51 - 6
Self-Harm Episodes (Number in Past 3 Months) 0.14
5
- 41 - 3
Self-Harm Episodes (Number in Past 3 Months) 0.27
10
- 41 - 6
Days in Bed (Number in Past Month) 0.57
21
- 48 - 3
Days Out of Role (Number) 0.26
10
- 48 - 3
Days in Bed (Number in Last Month) 0.79 *
28
- 48 - 6
Days Out of Role (Number) 0.43
16
- 48 - 6
Study 13279 - DBT plus Treatment As Usual vs. Treatment As Usual (Euler, 2019)
Defense Mechanism Rating Scale: Overall Defense Function 1.17 *
37
- 31 - 0
Defense Mechanism Rating Scale: Mature 0.82 *
29
- 31 - 0
Defense Mechanism Rating Scale: Obsessional -0.62
-23
- 31 - 0
Defense Mechanism Rating: Neurotic 0.07
2
- 31 - 0
Defense Mechanism Rating Scale: Narcissistic -0.19
-7
- 31 - 0
Defense Mechanism Rating Scale: Disavowal 0.31
12
- 31 - 0
Defense Mechanism Rating Scale: Borderline 1.19 *
38
- 31 - 0
Defense Mechanism Rating Scale: Action 0.31
12
- 31 - 0
Study 13249 - DBT vs. Treatment As Usual (Goodman, 2016 - Not conducted in a usual care or practice setting)
Columbia - Suicide Severity Rating Scale: Suicide Attempts Null
not calculated
- 58 - 0
Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation Null
not calculated
- 58 - 0
Beck Depression Inventory – 2 Null
not calculated
- 58 - 0
Beck Hopelessness Scale Null
not calculated
- 58 - 0
Beck Anxiety Inventory Null
not calculated
- 58 - 0
Columbia - Suicide Severity Rating Scale: Suicide Attempts 0.35
13
- 91 - 6
Study 13279 - DBT plus Treatment As Usual vs. Treatment As Usual (Kramer, 2016)
Outcome Questionnaire-45.2: Symptom Distress Null
not calculated
- 31 - 0
Outcome Questionnaire-45.2: Interpersonal Relations Null
not calculated
- 31 - 0
Outcome Questionnaire-45.2: Social Role Favorable *
not calculated
- 31 - 0
Classification of Affective-Meaning States: Assertive Anger 0.78 *
28
- 31 - 0
Classification of Affective-Meaning States: Rejecting Anger 0.13
5
- 31 - 0
Study 13279 - DBT plus Treatment As Usual vs. Treatment As Usual (Kramer, 2017)
Coping Action Patterns Rating Scales: Challenge, Competence 0.14
5
- 31 - 0
Coping Action Patterns Rating Scales: Challenge, Resources 0.92 *
32
- 31 - 0
Coping Action Patterns Rating Scales: Challenge, Autonomy 0.41
15
- 31 - 0
Coping Action Patterns Rating Scales: Threat, Competence -0.19
-7
- 31 - 0
Coping Action Patterns Rating Scales: Threat, Resources 0.11
4
- 31 - 0
Coping Action Patterns Rating Scales: Threat, Autonomy -0.55
-20
- 31 - 0
Coping Action Patterns Rating Scales: Overall Coping Function 0.88 *
31
- 31 - 0
Borderline Symptom List – 23 -0.23
-9
- 31 - 0
Study 13293 - Dialectical Behavior Therapy + Antidepressant Medication vs. Antidepressant Medication Alone (Lynch, 2003)
White Bear Suppression Inventory: Thought Suppression 0.19
7
- 26 - 0
Study 13294 - DBT vs. Treatment As Usual (Pasieczny, 2011)
Beck Depression Inventory – 2 0.86 *
30
- 38 - 0
Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation 0.48
18
- 38 - 0
State-Trait Anxiety Inventory: State Anxiety 0.63
23
- 38 - 0
State-Trait Anxiety Inventory: Trait Anxiety 0.83 *
29
- 38 - 0
Brief Symptom Inventory: Global Severity Index 0.63
23
- 38 - 0
Suicide Attempts 1.08 *
36
- 81 - 0
Non-Suicidal Self-Injury 0.58 *
21
- 81 - 0
Study 13363 - DBT vs. Waitlist Control Group (Tavakoli, 2019)
Self-Care of Coronary Heart Disease Inventory 2.68 *
49
- 32 - 0
Study 13364 - Dialectical Behavior Therapy vs. TAU (Tavakoli, 2020)
Beck Anxiety Inventory 0.56
21
- 40 - 0
Adult well-being: Parent/caregiver physical health 0.57
21
2 (3) 91 Favorable: 2
No Effect: 1
Unfavorable: 0
-
Study 13208 - Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) vs. TAU + WL (Carter, 2010)
Change to World Health Organization Quality of Life – BREF: Physical 0.27
10
- 51 - 3
Change to World Health Organization Quality of Life – BREF: Physical 0.64 *
23
- 51 - 6
Study 13364 - Dialectical Behavior Therapy vs. TAU (Tavakoli, 2020)
Gastrointestinal Symptom Severity Index 0.72 *
26
- 40 - 0

*p <.05

Note: For the effect sizes and implied percentile effects reported in the table, a positive number favors the intervention group and a negative number favors the comparison group. Effect sizes and implied percentile effects were calculated by the Prevention Services Clearinghouse as described in the Handbook of Standards and Procedures, Section 5.10.4 and may not align with effect sizes reported in individual publications. Effect sizes for some outcomes were not able to be calculated by the Prevention Services Clearinghouse.

Only publications with eligible contrasts that met design and execution standards are included in the individual study findings table.

Full citations for the studies shown in the table are available in the "Studies Reviewed" section.

The participant characteristics display is an initial version. We encourage those interested in providing feedback to send suggestions to preventionservices@abtassoc.com.


The table below displays locations, the year, and participant demographics for studies that received moderate or high ratings on design and execution and that reported the information. Participant characteristics for studies with more than one intervention versus comparison group pair that received moderate or high ratings are shown separately in the table. Please note, the information presented here uses terminology directly from the study documents, when available. Studies that received moderate or high ratings on design and execution that did not include relevant participant demographic information would not be represented in this table.


For more information on how Clearinghouse reviewers record the information in the table, please see our Resource Guide on Study Participant Characteristics and Settings.

Characteristics of the Participants in the Studies with Moderate or High Ratings
Study Location Study Location more info Study Year Study Year more info Age or Grade-level Age or Grade-level more info Race, Ethnicity, Nationality Race, Ethnicity, Nationality more info Gender Gender more info Populations of Interest* Populations of Interest more info Household Socioeconomic Status Household Socioeconomic Status more info
Study 13249 - DBT vs. Treatment As Usual
Characteristics of the Adults, Parents, or Caregivers
New York, USA 2010 Average age: 38 years 45% Hispanic
32% Black (non-Hispanic)
14% White (non-Hispanic)
7% Multiple Races
1% Asian/Pacific Islander
1% American Indian
67% Male 100% At high risk for suicide; Current Axis I and Axis II diagnoses: 64% Major Depressive Disorder; 12% Bipolar Disorder; 67% Substance abuse; 51% Posttraumatic Stress Disorder; 52% Borderline Personality Disorder 75% Unemployed/student
25% Employed
Study 13293 - Dialectical Behavior Therapy + Antidepressant Medication vs. Antidepressant Medication Alone
Characteristics of the Adults, Parents, or Caregivers
Duke University, Durham, NC, USA 2003 Average age: 66 years; Age range: 60-80 years 85% Caucasian
9% African American
6% Hispanic American
85% Female 100% met criteria for DSM-IV major depressive disorder 29% Household income: $40,001-$50,000
29% Household income: $20,001-$30,000
Study 13364 - Dialectical Behavior Therapy vs. TAU
Characteristics of the Adults, Parents, or Caregivers
Iran 2016 Average age: 27.4 years -- 67% Female
33% Male
-- --
Study 13208 - Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) vs. TAU + WL
Characteristics of the Adults, Parents, or Caregivers
Newcastle, Australia 2003 Age range: 18–65 years -- 100% Female Participants meeting criteria for Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), determined by clinical interview by a psychiatrist using DSM-IV criteria and having a history of multiple episodes of deliberate self-harm, at least three self-reported episodes in the preceding 12 months. --
Study 13294 - DBT vs. Treatment As Usual
Characteristics of the Adults, Parents, or Caregivers
Australia 2010 Average age: 33.58 years -- 92% Female 100% Met DSM-IV-TR criteria for borderline personality disorder; DSM Axis 1 co-morbid diagnoses: 77% Depressive disorders, 51% Substance use disorders, 50% Other anxiety disorders, 23% Post traumatic stress disorder, 6% Bipolar affective disorder, 4% Schizophrenia --
Study 13363 - DBT vs. Waitlist Control Group
Characteristics of the Adults, Parents, or Caregivers
Isfahan, Iran 2017 Average age: 49 years -- 59% Male 100% Coronary heart disease 72% Employment Status (Employed)
Study 13195 - Standard DBT and Usual Care vs. Usual Care Only
Characteristics of the Adults, Parents, or Caregivers
Italy -- Average age: 42 years -- 100% Male 100% Participants met the criteria for borderline personality disorder 52% Disability Pension
5% Employed
Study 13279 - DBT plus Treatment As Usual vs. Treatment As Usual
Characteristics of the Adults, Parents, or Caregivers
Switzerland 2010 Average age: 34 years -- 88% Female Current DSM-IV diagnoses: 100% Borderline personality disorder, 66% Depressive disorder, 39% Substance abuse, 34% Anxiety disorder, 15% Eating disorder, 7% Intelligence limitation, 5% Sexual disorder, 5% Attention disorder; Axis II Clusters: 20% Cluster B, 12% Cluster C, 2% Cluster A. 68% Unemployed
17% Employed part time
10% Employed full time

“--” indicates information not reported in the study.


* The information about disabilities is based on initial coding. For more information on how the Clearinghouse recorded disability information for the initial release, please see our Resource Guide on Study Participant Characteristics and Settings. The Clearinghouse is currently seeking consultation from experts, including those with lived experience, and input from the public to enhance and improve the display.


Note: Citations for the documents associated with each 5-digit study number shown in the table can be found in the “Studies Reviewed” section below. Study settings and participant demographics are recorded for all studies that received moderate or high ratings on design and execution and that reported the information. Studies that did not report any information about setting or participant demographics are not displayed. For more information on how participant characteristics are recorded, please see our Resource Guide on Study Participant Characteristics and Settings.

Sometimes study results are reported in more than one document, or a single document reports results from multiple studies. Studies are identified below by their Prevention Services Clearinghouse study identification numbers. To receive a rating of supported or well-supported, the favorable evidence for a program or service must have been obtained from research conducted in a usual care or practice setting.

Studies Rated High

Study 13249

Goodman, M., Banthin, D., Blair, N. J., Mascitelli, K. A., Wilsnack, J., Chen, J., Messenger, J. W., Perez-Rodriguez, M. M., Triebwasser, J., Koenigsberg, H. W., Goetz, R. R., Hazlett, E. A., & New, A. S. (2016). A randomized trial of Dialectical Behavior Therapy in high-risk suicidal veterans. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 77(12), e1591-e1600. https://doi.org/10.4088/JCP.15m10235

Some contrasts that received a moderate or high design and execution rating in this study were not from research conducted in a usual care or practice setting (Handbook Section 6.2.2) [see Individual Study Findings section above for additional information on contrasts that did or did not meet this criterion]
Study 13364

Tavakoli, T., Hoseini, M., Tabatabaee, T. S. J., Rostami, Z., Mollaei, H., Bahrami, A., Ayati, S., & Bijari, B. (2020). Comparison of Dialectical Behavior Therapy and anti-anxiety medication on anxiety and digestive symptoms in patients with functional dyspepsia. Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 25(1), Article 59. https://doi.org/10.4103/jrms.JRMS_673_19

This study was conducted in a usual care or practice setting (Handbook Section 6.2.2)
Study 13363

Tavakoli, F., Kazemi-Zahrani, H., & Sadeghi, M. (2019). The effectiveness of Dialectical Behavior Therapy on adherence to treatment and self-caring behavior in patients with coronary heart disease. ARYA Atherosclerosis, 15(6), 281-287. https://doi.org/10.22122/arya.v15i6.1733

This study was conducted in a usual care or practice setting (Handbook Section 6.2.2)
Study 13195

Bianchini, V., Cofini, V., Curto, M., Lagrotteria, B., Manzi, A., Navari, S., Ortenzi, R., Paoletti, G., Pompili, E., Pompili, P. M., Silvestrini, C., & Nicolò, G. (2019). Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) for forensic psychiatric patients: An Italian pilot study. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 29(2), 122-130. https://doi.org/10.1002/cbm.2102

This study was not conducted in a usual care or practice setting (Handbook Section 6.2.2)
Study 13279

Kramer, U., Pascual‐Leone, A., Berthoud, L., De Roten, Y., Marquet, P., Kolly, S., Despland, J. N., & Page, D. (2016). Assertive anger mediates effects of dialectical behaviour‐informed skills training for borderline personality disorder: A randomized controlled trial. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 23(3), 189-202. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.1956

Kramer, U. (2017). The role of coping change in borderline personality disorder: A process‐outcome analysis on dialectical‐behaviour skills training. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 24(2), 302-311. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.2017

Euler, S., Stalujanis, E., Allenbach, G., Kolly, S., de Roten, Y., Despland, J.-N., & Kramer, U. (2019). Dialectical Behavior Therapy skills training affects defense mechanisms in borderline personality disorder: An integrative approach of mechanisms in psychotherapy. Psychotherapy Research, 29(8), 1074-1085. https://doi.org/10.1080/10503307.2018.1497214

This study was conducted in a usual care or practice setting (Handbook Section 6.2.2)

Studies Rated Moderate

Study 13293

Lynch, T. R., Morse, J. Q., Mendelson, T., & Robins, C. J. (2003). Dialectical Behavior Therapy for depressed older adults: A randomized pilot study. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 11(1), 33-45. https://doi.org/10.1097/00019442-200301000-00006

Lynch, T. R., Cheavens, J. S., Cukrowicz, K. C., Thorp, S. R., Bronner, L., & Beyer, J. (2007). Treatment of older adults with co-morbid personality disorder and depression: A Dialectical Behavior Therapy approach. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 22(2), 131-143. https://doi.org/10.1002/gps.1703

This study was conducted in a usual care or practice setting (Handbook Section 6.2.2)
Study 13208

Carter, G. L., Willcox, C. H., Lewin, T. J., Conrad, A. M., & Bendit, N. (2010). Hunter DBT Project: Randomized controlled trial of Dialectical Behaviour Therapy in women with borderline personality disorder. The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 44(2), 162-173. https://doi.org/10.3109/00048670903393621

This study was conducted in a usual care or practice setting (Handbook Section 6.2.2)
Study 13294

Pasieczny, N., & Connor, J. (2011). The effectiveness of Dialectical Behaviour Therapy in routine public mental health settings: An Australian controlled trial. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 49(1), 4-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2010.09.006

This study was conducted in a usual care or practice setting (Handbook Section 6.2.2)

Studies Rated Low

Study 13346

Sahin, Z., Vinnars, B., Gorman, B. S., Wilczek, A., Åsberg, M., & Barber, J. P. (2018). Clinical severity as a moderator of outcome in psychodynamic and Dialectical Behavior Therapies for borderline personality disorder. Personality Disorders, 9(5), 437-446. https://doi.org/10.1037/per0000276

This study received a low rating because baseline equivalence of the intervention and comparison groups was necessary and not demonstrated.
Study 13204

Burckhardt, R., Manicavasagar, V., Shaw, F., Fogarty, A., Batterham, P. J., Dobinson, K., & Karpin, I. (2018). Preventing mental health symptoms in adolescents using Dialectical Behaviour Therapy skills group: A feasibility study. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 23(1), 70-85. https://doi.org/10.1080/02673843.2017.1292927

This study received a low rating because it did not meet design confound standards.
Study 13270

Kerchi, A. B., Manshaee, G., & Keshtiaray, N. (2021). The effect of the psychological empowerment and Dialectical Behavior Therapy on infertile women's anxiety and sexual satisfaction in pretreatment phase of in vitro fertilization. Journal of Midwifery & Reproductive Health, 9(3), 2805-2816. https://doi.org/10.22038/jmrh.2021.53830.1658

This study received a low rating because it did not meet design confound standards.
Study 13278

Koons, C. R., Robins, C. J., Tweed, J. L., Lynch, T. R., Gonzalez, A. M., Morse, J. Q., Bishop, G. K., Butterfield, M. I., & Bastian, L. A. (2001). Efficacy of Dialectical Behavior Therapy in women veterans with borderline personality disorder. Behavior Therapy, 32(2), 371-390. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0005-7894(01)80009-5

This study received a low rating because it did not meet design confound standards.
Study 13196

Blair, M., Ferreria, G., Gill, S., King, R., Hanna, J., Deluca, D., Ekblad, A., Bowman, D., Rau, J., Smolewska, K., Warriner, E., & Morrow, S. A. (2017). Dialectical Behavior Group Therapy is feasible and reduces emotional dysfunction in multiple sclerosis. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 67(4), 500-518. https://doi.org/10.1080/00207284.2016.1260457

This study received a low rating because it did not meet design confound standards.
Study 13310

Mohamadi, J., Ghazanfari, F., & Drikvand, F. M. (2019). Comparison of the effect of Dialectical Behavior Therapy, mindfulness based cognitive therapy and positive psychotherapy on perceived stress and quality of life in patients with irritable bowel syndrome: A pilot randomized controlled trial. The Psychiatric Quarterly, 90(3), 565-578. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11126-019-09643-2

This study received a low rating because it did not meet design confound standards.
Study 13366

Tomlinson, M. F., & Hoaken, P. N. S. (2017). The potential for a skills-based Dialectical Behavior Therapy program to reduce aggression, anger, and hostility in a Canadian forensic psychiatric sample: A pilot study. The International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, 16(3), 215-226. https://doi.org/10.1080/14999013.2017.1315469

This study received a low rating because baseline equivalence of the intervention and comparison groups was necessary and not demonstrated.
Study 13315

Navarro-Haro, M. V., Botella, C., Guillen, V., Moliner, R., Marco, H., Jorquera, M., Baños, R., & García-Palacios, A. (2018). Dialectical Behavior Therapy in the treatment of borderline personality disorder and eating disorders comorbidity: A pilot study in a naturalistic setting. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 42(5), 636-649. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-018-9906-9

Navarro-Haro, M. V., Botella, V. G., Badenes-Ribera, L., Borao, L., & García-Palacios, A. (2021). Dialectical Behavior Therapy in the treatment of comorbid borderline personality disorder and eating disorder in a naturalistic setting: A six-year follow-up study. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 45(3), 480-493. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-020-10170-9

This study received a low rating because baseline equivalence of the intervention and comparison groups was necessary and not demonstrated.
Study 13371

van den Bosch, L. M. C., Verheul, R., Schippers, G. M., & van den Brink, W. (2002). Dialectical Behavior Therapy of borderline patients with and without substance use problems: Implementation and long-term effects. Addictive Behaviors, 27(6), 911-923. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0306-4603(02)00293-9

Verheul, R., Van Den Bosch, L. M. C., Koeter, M. W. J., De Ridder, M. A. J., Stijnen, T., & Van Den Brink, W. (2003). Dialectical Behaviour Therapy for women with borderline personality disorder: 12-month, randomised clinical trial in the Netherlands. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 182(2), 135-140. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjp.182.2.135

van den Bosch, L. M. C., Koeter, M. W. J., Stijnen, T., Verheul, R., & van den Brink, W. (2005). Sustained efficacy of Dialectical Behaviour Therapy for borderline personality disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 43(9), 1231-1241. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2004.09.008

This study received a low rating because baseline equivalence of the intervention and comparison groups was necessary and not demonstrated.
Study 13181

Afshari, B., Omidi, A., & Ahmadvand, A. (2020). Effects of Dialectical Behavior Therapy on executive functions, emotion regulation, and mindfulness in bipolar disorder. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, 50(2), 123-131. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10879-019-09442-7

This study received a low rating because it did not meet design confound standards.
Study 13227

Delparte, C. A., Power, H. A., Gelinas, B. L., Oliver, A. M., Hart, R. D., & Wright, K. D. (2019). Examination of the effectiveness of a brief, adapted Dialectical Behavior Therapy-skills training group for bariatric surgical candidates. Obesity Surgery, 29(1), 252-261. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11695-018-3515-2

This study received a low rating because it did not meet design confound standards.
Study 13344

Rostami, M., Mehraban, S., Zarei, F., Sharifi, M., & Movallali, G. (2019). Subjective wellbeing and interpersonal problems in the mothers of students with learning disabilities. Iranian Rehabilitation Journal, 17(3), 207-214. https://doi.org/10.32598/irj.17.3.207

This study received a low rating because it did not meet design confound standards.
Study 13215

Chugani, C. D., Ghali, M. N., & Brunner, J. (2013). Effectiveness of short term Dialectical Behavior Therapy skills training in college students with cluster B personality disorders. Journal of College Student Psychotherapy, 27(4), 323-336. https://doi.org/10.1080/87568225.2013.824337

This study received a low rating because it did not meet design confound standards.
Study 13233

Evershed, S., Tennant, A., Boomer, D., Rees, A., Barkham, M., & Watsons, A. (2003). Practice-based outcomes of Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) targeting anger and violence, with male forensic patients: A pragmatic and non-contemporaneous comparison. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 13(3), 198-213. https://doi.org/10.1002/cbm.542

This study received a low rating because it did not meet design confound standards.
Study 13339

Robins, T. G., Roberts, R. M., & Sarris, A. (2019). The effectiveness, feasibility, and acceptability of a Dialectical Behaviour Therapy skills training group in reducing burnout and psychological distress in psychology trainees: A pilot study. Australian Psychologist, 54(4), 292-301. https://doi.org/10.1111/ap.12389

This study received a low rating because it did not meet design confound standards.
Study 13189

Priebe, S., Bhatti, N., Barnicot, K., Bremner, S., Gaglia, A., Katsakou, C., Molosankwe, I., McCrone, P., & Zinkler, M. (2012). Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of Dialectical Behaviour Therapy for self-harming patients with personality disorder: A pragmatic randomised controlled trial. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 81(6), 356-365. https://doi.org/10.1159/000338897

Barnicot, K., Savill, M., Bhatti, N., & Priebe, S. (2014). A pragmatic randomised controlled trial of Dialectical Behaviour Therapy: Effects on hospitalisation and post-treatment follow-up. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 83(3), 192-193. https://doi.org/10.1159/000357365

This study received a low rating because baseline equivalence of the intervention and comparison groups was necessary and not demonstrated.
Study 13248

Goodman, G., Anderson, K., & Diener, M. J. (2014). Processes of therapeutic change in psychodynamic therapy of two inpatients with borderline personality disorder. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 24(1), 30-45. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0035970

This study received a low rating because it did not meet design confound standards.
Study 13320

Nee, C., & Farman, S. (2005). Female prisoners with borderline personality disorder: Some promising treatment developments. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 15(1), 2-16. https://doi.org/10.1002/cbm.33

This study received a low rating because it did not meet the statistical model standards.
Study 14804

Feigenbaum, J. D., Fonagy, P., Pilling, S., Jones, A., Wildgoose, A., & Bebbington, P. E. (2012). A real-world study of the effectiveness of DBT in the UK National Health Service. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 51(2), 121-141. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8260.2011.02017.x

This study received a low rating because the standards for addressing missing data were not met.
Study 13280

McMain, S. F., Guimond, T., Barnhart, R., Habinski, L., & Streiner, D. L. (2017). A randomized trial of brief Dialectical Behaviour Therapy skills training in suicidal patients suffering from borderline disorder. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 135(2), 138-148. https://doi.org/10.1111/acps.12664

Krantz, L. H., McMain, S., & Kuo, J. R. (2018). The unique contribution of acceptance without judgment in predicting nonsuicidal self-injury after 20-weeks of Dialectical Behaviour Therapy group skills training. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 104, 44-50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2018.02.006

Stratton, N., Mendoza Alvarez, M., Labrish, C., Barnhart, R., & McMain, S. (2020). Predictors of dropout from a 20-Week Dialectical Behavior Therapy skills group for suicidal behaviors and borderline personality disorder. Journal of Personality Disorders, 34(2), 216-230. https://doi.org/10.1521/pedi_2018_32_391

Zeifman, R. J., Boritz, T., Barnhart, R., Labrish, C., & McMain, S. F. (2020). The independent roles of mindfulness and distress tolerance in treatment outcomes in Dialectical Behavior Therapy skills training. Personality Disorders, 11(3), 181-190. https://doi.org/10.1037/per0000368

This study received a low rating because baseline equivalence of the intervention and comparison groups was necessary and not demonstrated.
Study 13290

Linehan, M. M., Schmidt, H., 3rd, Dimeff, L. A., Craft, J. C., Kanter, J., & Comtois, K. A. (1999). Dialectical Behavior Therapy for patients with borderline personality disorder and drug-dependence. The American Journal on Addictions, 8(4), 279-292. https://doi.org/10.1080/105504999305686

This study received a low rating because it did not meet design confound standards.
Study 13326

Perroud, N., Salzmann, A., Prada, P., Nicastro, R., Hoeppli, M. E., Furrer, S., Ardu, S., Krejci, I., Karege, F., & Malafosse, A. (2013). Response to psychotherapy in borderline personality disorder and methylation status of the BDNF gene. Translational Psychiatry, 3, Article e207. https://doi.org/10.1038/tp.2012.140

This study received a low rating because it did not meet design confound standards.
Study 13191

Linehan, M. M., Comtois, K. A., Murray, A. M., Brown, M. Z., Gallop, R. J., Heard, H. L., Korslund, K. E., Tutek, D. A., Reynolds, S. K., & Lindenboim, N. (2006). Two-year randomized controlled trial and follow-up of Dialectical Behavior Therapy vs therapy by experts for suicidal behaviors and borderline personality disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 63(7), 757-766. https://doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.63.7.757

McMain, S. (2007). Dialectic Behaviour Therapy reduces suicide attempts compared with non-behavioural psychotherapy in women with borderline personality disorder. Evidence Based Mental Health, 10(1), 18. https://doi.org/10.1136/ebmh.10.1.18

Harned, M. S., Chapman, A. L., Dexter-Mazza, E. T., Murray, A., Comtois, K. A., & Linehan, M. M. (2008). Treating co-occurring Axis I disorders in recurrently suicidal women with borderline personality disorder: A 2-year randomized trial of Dialectical Behavior Therapy versus community treatment by experts. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76(6), 1068-1075. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0014044

Bedics, J. D., Atkins, D. C., Comtois, K. A., & Linehan, M. M. (2012). Weekly therapist ratings of the therapeutic relationship and patient introject during the course of Dialectical Behavioral Therapy for the treatment of borderline personality disorder. Psychotherapy, 49(2), 231-240. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0028254

Bedics, J. D., Atkins, D. C., Comtois, K. A., & Linehan, M. M. (2012). Treatment differences in the therapeutic relationship and introject during a 2-year randomized controlled trial of Dialectical Behavior Therapy versus nonbehavioral psychotherapy experts for borderline personality disorder. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 80(1), 66-77. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0026113

Neacsiu, A. D., Lungu, A., Harned, M. S., Rizvi, S. L., & Linehan, M. M. (2014). Impact of Dialectical Behavior Therapy versus community treatment by experts on emotional experience, expression, and acceptance in borderline personality disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 53, 47-54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2013.12.004

Bedics, J. D., Atkins, D. C., Harned, M. S., & Linehan, M. M. (2015). The therapeutic alliance as a predictor of outcome in Dialectical Behavior Therapy versus nonbehavioral psychotherapy by experts for borderline personality disorder. Psychotherapy, 52(1), 67-77. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0038457

Coyle, T. N., Shaver, J. A., & Linehan, M. M. (2018). On the potential for iatrogenic effects of psychiatric crisis services: The example of Dialectical Behavior Therapy for adult women with borderline personality disorder. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 86(2), 116-124. https://doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000275

Schmaling, K. B., Fales, J. L., & Linehan, M. M. (2021). Treatment for borderline personality disorder and secondary effects on somatization. Journal of Personality Disorders, 35(4), 632-640. https://doi.org/10.1521/pedi_2020_34_469

This study received a low rating because baseline equivalence of the intervention and comparison groups was necessary and not demonstrated.
Study 13328

Pistorello, J., Fruzzetti, A. E., MacLane, C., Gallop, R., & Iverson, K. M. (2012). Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) applied to college students: A randomized clinical trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 80(6), 982-994. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0029096

This study received a low rating because baseline equivalence of the intervention and comparison groups was necessary and not demonstrated.
Study 13224

Davarani, Z. Z., & Heydarinasab, L. (2019). The effectiveness of Dialectical Behavior Therapy skills to reduction in difficulty in emotion regulation among students. Revista Argentina de Clínica Psicológica, 28(5), 842-848. https://doi.org/10.24205/03276716.2019.1158

This study received a low rating because none of the target outcomes met measurement standards.


Studies Not Eligible for Review

Study 13225

Davoudi, M., Allame, Z., Foroughi, A., & Taheri, A. A. (2021). A pilot randomized controlled trial of Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) for reducing craving and achieving cessation in patients with marijuana use disorder: Feasibility, acceptability, and appropriateness. Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, 43(4), 302-310. https://doi.org/10.47626/2237-6089-2020-0123

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 13319

Neacsiu, A. D., Eberle, J. W., Kramer, R., Wiesmann, T., & Linehan, M. M. (2014). Dialectical Behavior Therapy skills for transdiagnostic emotion dysregulation: A pilot randomized controlled trial. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 59, 40-51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2014.05.005

Neacsiu, A. D., Rompogren, J., Eberle, J. W., & McMahon, K. (2018). Changes in problematic anger, shame, and disgust in anxious and depressed adults undergoing treatment for emotion dysregulation. Behavior Therapy, 49(3), 344-359. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2017.10.004

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 13180

Afshari, B., & Hasani, J. (2020). Study of Dialectical Behavior Therapy versus Cognitive Behavior Therapy on emotion regulation and mindfulness in patients with generalized anxiety disorder. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, 50(4), 305-312. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10879-020-09461-9

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 13182

American Psychiatric Association. (1998). Gold Award: Integrating Dialectical Behavior Therapy into a community mental health program. Psychiatric Services, 49(10), 1338-1340. https://doi.org/10.1176/ps.49.10.1338

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13183

Andión, Ó., Ferrer, M., Matali, J., Gancedo, B., Calvo, N., Barral, C., Valero, S., Di Genova, A., Diener, M. J., Torrubia, R., & Casas, M. (2012). Effectiveness of combined individual and group Dialectical Behavior Therapy compared to only individual Dialectical Behavior Therapy: A preliminary study. Psychotherapy, 49(2), 241-250. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0027401

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13186

Aos, S., Lieb, R., Mayfield, J., Miller, M., & Pennucci, A. (2004). Benefits and costs of prevention and early intervention programs for youth. Washington State Institute for Public Policy. http://www.wsipp.wa.gov/rptfiles/04-07-3901.pdf

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13187

Apsche, J. A., Bass, C. K., & Houston, M.-A. (2006). A one year study of adolescent males with aggression and problems of conduct and personality: A comparison of MDT and DBT. International Journal of Behavioral Consultation and Therapy, 2(4), 544-552. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0101006

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 13188

Asarnow, J. R., Hughes, J. L., Babeva, K. N., & Sugar, C. A. (2017). Cognitive-behavioral family treatment for suicide attempt prevention: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 56(6), 506-514. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2017.03.015

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13190

Barnicot, K., & Crawford, M. (2018). Posttraumatic stress disorder in patients with borderline personality disorder: Treatment outcomes and mediators. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 31(6), 899-908. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.22340

Barnicot, K., & Crawford, M. (2019). Conclusions and questions from a non-randomised comparison of routine clinical services implementing different treatment models for borderline personality disorder. Psychological Medicine, 49(16), 2812-2814. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291719002447

Barnicot, K., Redknap, C., Coath, F., Hommel, J., Couldrey, L., & Crawford, M. (2022). Patient experiences of therapy for borderline personality disorder: Commonalities and differences between Dialectical Behaviour Therapy and mentalization-based therapy and relation to outcomes. Psychology and Psychotherapy, 95(1), 212-233. https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.12362

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 13192

Benson, A. L., Eisenach, D., Abrams, L., & van Stolk-Cooke, K. (2014). Stopping overshopping: A preliminary randomized controlled trial of group therapy for compulsive buying disorder. Journal of Groups in Addiction & Recovery, 9(2), 97-125. https://doi.org/10.1080/1556035X.2014.868725

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13193

Berk, M. S., Rathus, J., Kessler, M., Clarke, S., Chick, C., Shen, H., & Llewellyn, T. (2022). Pilot test of a DBT-based parenting intervention for parents of youth with recent self-harm. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 29(2), 348-366. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpra.2020.10.001

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13194

Bernheim, D., Gander, M., Keller, F., Becker, M., Lischke, A., Mentel, R., Freyberger, H. J., & Buchheim, A. (2019). The role of attachment characteristics in Dialectical Behavior Therapy for patients with borderline personality disorder. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 26(3), 339-349. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.2355

This study is ineligible for review because it does not report program or service impacts on an eligible target outcome (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.5).

Study 13197

Blennerhassett, R. C., & O'Raghallaigh, J. W. (2005). Dialectical Behaviour Therapy in the treatment of borderline personality disorder. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 186(4), 278-280. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjp.186.4.278

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13198

Bohus, M., Haaf, B., Simms, T., Limberger, M. F., Schmahl, C., Unckel, C., Lieb, K., & Linehan, M. M. (2004). Effectiveness of inpatient Dialectical Behavioral Therapy for borderline personality disorder: A controlled trial. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 42(5), 487-499. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0005-7967(03)00174-8

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13200

Bohus, M., Kleindienst, N., Hahn, C., Müller-Engelmann, M., Ludäscher, P., Steil, R., Fydrich, T., Kuehner, C., Resick, P. A., Stiglmayr, C., Schmahl, C., & Priebe, K. (2020). Dialectical Behavior Therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (DBT-PTSD) compared with cognitive processing therapy (CPT) in complex presentations of PTSD in women survivors of childhood abuse: A randomized clinical trial. JAMA Psychiatry, 77(12), 1235-1245. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2020.2148

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 13201

McMain, S. F., Links, P. S., Gnam, W. H., Guimond, T., Cardish, R. J., Korman, L., & Streiner, D. L. (2009). A randomized trial of Dialectical Behavior Therapy versus general psychiatric management for borderline personality disorder. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 166(12), 1365-1374. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2009.09010039

Hirsh, J. B., Quilty, L. C., Bagby, R. M., & McMain, S. F. (2012). The relationship between agreeableness and the development of the working alliance in patients with borderline personality disorder. Journal of Personality Disorders, 26(4), 616-627. https://doi.org/10.1521/pedi.2012.26.4.616

McMain, S. F., Guimond, T., Streiner, D. L., Cardish, R. J., & Links, P. S. (2012). Dialectical Behavior Therapy compared with general psychiatric management for borderline personality disorder: Clinical outcomes and functioning over a 2-year follow-up. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 169(6), 650-661. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2012.11091416

Links, P. S., Kolla, N. J., Guimond, T., & McMain, S. (2013). Prospective risk factors for suicide attempts in a treated sample of patients with borderline personality disorder. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie, 58(2), 99-106. https://doi.org/10.1177/070674371305800207

Wnuk, S., McMain, S., Links, P. S., Habinski, L., Murray, J., & Guimond, T. (2013). Factors related to dropout from treatment in two outpatient treatments for borderline personality disorder. Journal of Personality Disorders, 27(6), 716-726. https://doi.org/10.1521/pedi_2013_27_106

Boritz, T., Barnhart, R., & McMain, S. F. (2016). The influence of posttraumatic stress disorder on treatment outcomes of patients with borderline personality disorder. Journal of Personality Disorders, 30(3), 395-407. https://doi.org/10.1521/pedi_2015_29_207

Boritz, T., Barnhart, R., Eubanks, C. F., & McMain, S. (2018). Alliance rupture and resolution in Dialectical Behavior Therapy for borderline personality disorder. Journal of Personality Disorders, 32(Suppl. 3), 115-128. https://doi.org/10.1521/pedi.2018.32.supp.115

McMain, S. F., Chapman, A. L., Kuo, J. R., Guimond, T., Streiner, D. L., Dixon-Gordon, K. L., Isaranuwatchai, W., & Hoch, J. S. (2018). The effectiveness of 6 versus 12-months of Dialectical Behaviour Therapy for borderline personality disorder: The feasibility of a shorter treatment and evaluating responses (FASTER) trial protocol. BMC Psychiatry, 18(1), Article 230. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-018-1802-z

Keefe, J. R., Kim, T. T., DeRubeis, R. J., Streiner, D. L., Links, P. S., & McMain, S. F. (2021). Treatment selection in borderline personality disorder between Dialectical Behavior Therapy and psychodynamic psychiatric management. Psychological Medicine, 51(11), 1829-1837. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291720000550

Case, B. G. (2010). Dialectical Behavior Therapy versus general psychiatric management in the treatment of borderline personality disorder. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 167(4), 475. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2009.09101532

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 13202

Braden, A., Anderson, L., Redondo, R., Watford, T., Emley, E., & Ferrell, E. (2020). Emotion regulation mediates relationships between perceived childhood invalidation, emotional reactivity, and emotional eating. Journal of Health Psychology, 26(14), Article 1359105320942860. https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105320942860

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13203

Bradley, R. G., & Follingstad, D. R. (2003). Group therapy for incarcerated women who experienced interpersonal violence: A pilot study. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 16(4), 337-340. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1024409817437

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13205

Cameron, A., Palm Reed, K., & Gaudiano, B. (2014). Addressing treatment motivation in borderline personality disorder: Rationale for incorporating values-based exercises into Dialectical Behavior Therapy. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, 44(2), 109-116. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10879-013-9253-9

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13207

Elices, M., Pascual, J. C., Portella, M. J., Feliu-Soler, A., Martín-Blanco, A., Carmona, C., & Soler, J. (2016). Impact of mindfulness training on borderline personality disorder: A randomized trial. Mindfulness, 7(3), 584-595. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-016-0492-1

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13210

Carmona i Farres, C., Elices, M., Soler, J., Dominguez-Clave, E., Pomarol-Clotet, E., Salvador, R., & Pascual, J. C. (2019). Effects of mindfulness training on borderline personality disorder: Impulsivity versus emotional dysregulation. Mindfulness, 10(7), 1243-1254. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-018-1071-4

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13211

Cavicchioli, M., Movalli, M., Ramella, P., Vassena, G., Prudenziati, F., & Maffei, C. (2020). Feasibility of Dialectical Behavior Therapy skills training as an outpatient program in treating alcohol use disorder: The role of difficulties with emotion regulation and experiential avoidance. Addiction Research & Theory, 28(2), 103-115. https://doi.org/10.1080/16066359.2019.1590558

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13212

Charlton, M., & Dykstra, E. J. (2011). Dialectical Behaviour Therapy for special populations: Treatment with adolescents and their caregivers. Advances in Mental Health & Intellectual Disabilities, 5(5), 6-14. https://doi.org/10.1108/20441281111180619

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13214

Chu, B. C., Rizvi, S. L., Zendegui, E. A., & Bonavitacola, L. (2015). Dialectical Behavior Therapy for school refusal: Treatment development and incorporation of web-based coaching. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 22(3), 317-330. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpra.2014.08.002

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13217

Clarkin, J. F., Levy, K. N., Lenzenweger, M. F., & Kernberg, O. F. (2004). The Personality Disorders Institute/Borderline Personality Disorder Research Foundation randomized control trial for borderline personality disorder: Rationale, methods, and patient characteristics. Journal of Personality Disorders, 18(1), 52-72. https://doi.org/10.1521/pedi.18.1.52.32769

Levy, K. N., Meehan, K. B., Kelly, K. M., Reynoso, J. S., Weber, M., Clarkin, J. F., & Kernberg, O. F. (2006). Change in attachment patterns and reflective function in a randomized control trial of transference-focused psychotherapy for borderline personality disorder. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74(6), 1027-1040. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.74.6.1027

Clarkin, J. F., Levy, K. N., Lenzenweger, M. F., & Kernberg, O. F. (2007). Evaluating three treatments for borderline personality disorder: A multiwave study. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 164(6), 922-928. https://doi.org/10.1176/ajp.2007.164.6.922

Kivity, Y., Levy, K. N., Wasserman, R. H., Beeney, J. E., Meehan, K. B., & Clarkin, J. F. (2019). Conformity to prototypical therapeutic principles and its relation with change in reflective functioning in three treatments for borderline personality disorder. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 87(11), 975-988. https://doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000445

Koekkoek, B., & Tiemens, B. (2008). Structured outpatient treatments improve some aspects of borderline personality disorder. Evidence Based Mental Health, 11(1), 24. https://doi.org/10.1136/ebmh.11.1.24

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 13218

Cogwell Anderson, R., Jensik, K., Peloza, D., & Walker, A. (2013). Use of the Dialectical Behavior Therapy skills and management of psychosocial stress with newly diagnosed breast cancer patients. Plastic Surgical Nursing, 33(4), 159-163. https://doi.org/10.1097/PSN.0000000000000018

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13219

Cole, P., Weibel, S., Nicastro, R., Hasler, R., Dayer, A., Aubry, J.-M., Prada, P., & Perroud, N. (2016). CBT/DBT skills training for adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Psychiatria Danubina, 28(Suppl. 1), 103-107. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/308606478

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13220

Comtois, K. A., Elwood, L., Holdcraft, L. C., Smith, W. R., & Simpson, T. L. (2007). Effectiveness of Dialectical Behavior Therapy in a community mental health center. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 14(4), 406-414. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpra.2006.04.023

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13221

Courbasson, C., Nishikawa, Y., & Dixon, L. (2012). Outcome of Dialectical Behaviour Therapy for concurrent eating and substance use disorders. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 19(5), 434-449. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.748

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13228

Dimeff, L. A., Woodcock, E. A., Harned, M. S., & Beadnell, B. (2011). Can Dialectical Behavior Therapy be learned in highly structured learning environments? Results from a randomized controlled dissemination trial. Behavior Therapy, 42(2), 263-275. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2010.06.004

This study is ineligible for review because it does not report program or service impacts on an eligible target outcome (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.5).

Study 13229

Dixon-Gordon, K. L., Chapman, A. L., & Turner, B. J. (2015). A preliminary pilot study comparing Dialectical Behavior Therapy emotion regulation skills with interpersonal effectiveness skills and a control group treatment. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, 6(4), 369-388. https://doi.org/10.5127/jep.041714

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13230

Edel, M.-A., Holter, T., Wassink, K., & Juckel, G. (2017). A comparison of mindfulness-based group training and skills group training in adults with ADHD: An open study. Journal of Attention Disorders, 21(6), 533-539. https://doi.org/10.1177/1087054714551635

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13231

Edel, M.-A., Raaff, V., Dimaggio, G., Buchheim, A., & Brüne, M. (2017). Exploring the effectiveness of combined mentalization-based group therapy and Dialectical Behaviour Therapy for inpatients with borderline personality disorder: A pilot study. The British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 56(1), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12123

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13232

Keller, S., Page, D., de Roten, Y., Despland, J.-N., Caspar, F., & Kramer, U. (2017). Adaptation of the Motive-Oriented Therapeutic Relationship Scale to group setting in Dialectical-Behaviour Therapy for borderline personality disorder. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 27(1), 47-58. https://doi.org/10.1037/int0000061

Euler, S., Stalujanis, E., Allenbach, G., Kolly, S., de Roten, Y., Despland, J.-N., & Kramer, U. (2019). Dialectical Behavior Therapy skills training affects defense mechanisms in borderline personality disorder: An integrative approach of mechanisms in psychotherapy. Psychotherapy Research, 29(8), 1074-1085. https://doi.org/10.1080/10503307.2018.1497214

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13234

Fassbinder, E., Assmann, N., Schaich, A., Heinecke, K., Wagner, T., Sipos, V., Jauch-Chara, K., Huppe, M., Arntz, A., & Schweiger, U. (2018). PRO*BPD: Effectiveness of outpatient treatment programs for borderline personality disorder: A comparison of Schema therapy and Dialectical Behavior Therapy: Study protocol for a randomized trial. BMC Psychiatry, 18, Article 341. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-018-1905-6

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 13236

Feliu‐Soler, A., Pascual, J. C., Borràs, X., Portella, M. J., Martín‐Blanco, A., Armario, A., Alvarez, E., Pérez, V., & Soler, J. (2014). Effects of Dialectical Behaviour Therapy‐mindfulness training on emotional reactivity in borderline personality disorder: Preliminary results. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 21(4), 363-370. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.1837

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13237

Fernández-Felipe, I., Guillén, V., Marco, H., Díaz-García, A., Botella, C., Jorquera, M., Baños, R., & García-Palacios, A. (2020). Efficacy of "Family Connections", a program for relatives of people with borderline personality disorder, in the Spanish population: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. BMC Psychiatry, 20(1), Article 302. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02708-8

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13238

Fitzpatrick, S., Bailey, K., & Rizvi, S. L. (2020). Changes in emotions over the course of Dialectical Behavior Therapy and the moderating role of depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder. Behavior Therapy, 51(6), 946-957. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2019.12.009

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13239

Fleming, A. P., McMahon, R. J., Moran, L. R., Peterson, A. P., & Dreessen, A. (2015). Pilot randomized controlled trial of Dialectical Behavior Therapy group skills training for ADHD among college students. Journal of Attention Disorders, 19(3), 260-271. https://doi.org/10.1177/1087054714535951

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13240

Flynn, D., Kells, M., Joyce, M., Corcoran, P., Gillespie, C., Suarez, C., Weihrauch, M., & Cotter, P. (2017). Standard 12 month Dialectical Behaviour Therapy for adults with borderline personality disorder in a public community mental health setting. Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation, 4, Article 19. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40479-017-0070-8

Flynn, D., Kells, M., Joyce, M., Suarez, C., & Gillespie, C. (2018). Dialectical behaviour therapy for treating adults and adolescents with emotional and behavioural dysregulation: Study protocol of a coordinated implementation in a publicly funded health service. BMC psychiatry, 18(1), 51. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-018-1627-9

Flynn, D., Joyce, M., Spillane, A., Wrigley, C., Corcoran, P., Hayes, A., Flynn, M., Wyse, D., Corkery, B., & Mooney, B. (2019). Does an adapted Dialectical Behaviour Therapy skills training programme result in positive outcomes for participants with a dual diagnosis? A mixed methods study. Addiction Science & Clinical Practice, 14(1), Article 28. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-019-0156-2

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13242

Foote, B., & Orden, K. V. (2016). Adapting Dialectical Behavior Therapy for the treatment of dissociative identity disorder. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 70(4), 343-364. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.psychotherapy.2016.70.4.343

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13243

Fox, A. M., Miksicek, D., Veele, S., & Rogers, B. (2020). An evaluation of Dialectical Behavior Therapy for juveniles in secure residential facilities. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 59(8), 478-502. https://doi.org/10.1080/10509674.2020.1808557

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13244

Galietta, M., & Rosenfeld, B. (2012). Adapting Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) for the treatment of psychopathy. The International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, 11(4), 325-335. https://doi.org/10.1080/14999013.2012.746762

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13245

Gibson, J., Booth, R., Davenport, J., Keogh, K., & Owens, T. (2014). Dialectical Behaviour Therapy-informed skills training for deliberate self-harm: A controlled trial with 3-month follow-up data. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 60, 8-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2014.06.007

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13250

Sachdeva, S., Goldman, G., Mustata, G., Deranja, E., & Gregory, R. J. (2013). Naturalistic outcomes of evidence-based therapies for borderline personality disorder at a university clinic: A quasi-randomized trial. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 61(3), 578-584. https://doi.org/10.1177/0003065113490637

Gregory, R. J., & Sachdeva, S. (2016). Naturalistic outcomes of evidence-based therapies for borderline personality disorder at a medical university clinic. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 70(2), 167-184. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.psychotherapy.2016.70.2.167

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 13251

Guillén Botella, V., García-Palacios, A., Bolo Miñana, S., Baños, R., Botella, C., & Marco, J. H. (2021). Exploring the effectiveness of Dialectical Behavior Therapy versus systems training for emotional predictability and problem solving in a sample of patients with borderline personality disorder. Journal of Personality Disorders, 35(Suppl. A), 21-38. https://doi.org/10.1521/pedi_2020_34_477

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 13254

Harley, R., Baity, M., Blais, M., & Jacobo, M. (2007). Use of Dialectical Behavior Therapy skills training for borderline personality disorder in a naturalistic setting. Psychotherapy Research, 17(3), 351-358. https://doi.org/10.1080/10503300600830710

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13255

Feldman, G., Harley, R., Kerrigan, M., Jacobo, M., & Fava, M. (2009). Change in emotional processing during a Dialectical Behavior Therapy-based skills group for major depressive disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 47(4), 316-321. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2009.01.005

Harley, R., Sprich, S., Safren, S., Jacobo, M., & Fava, M. (2008). Adaptation of Dialectical Behavior Therapy skills training group for treatment-resistant depression. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 196(2), 136-143. https://doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0b013e318162aa3f

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13258

Huntjens, A., van den Bosch, L. M. C. W., Sizoo, B., Kerkhof, A., Huibers, M. J. H., & van der Gaag, M. (2020). The effect of Dialectical Behaviour Therapy in autism spectrum patients with suicidality and/or self-destructive behaviour (DIASS): Study protocol for a multicentre randomised controlled trial. BMC Psychiatry, 20(1), Article 127. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02531-1

This study is ineligible for review because it does not report program or service impacts on an eligible target outcome (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.5).

Study 13259

Jaite, C., Pfeiffer, A., Pfeiffer, E., Thurn, C., Bierbaum, T., Winter, S. M., Lehmkuhl, U., & Salbach, H. (2020). Subjective evaluation of outpatient treatment for adolescent patients with anorexia nervosa. Eating and Weight Disorders, 25(2), 445-452. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40519-018-0620-0

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 13261

Jamilian, H. R., Malekirad, A. A., Farhadi, M., Habibi, M., & Zamani, N. (2014). Effectiveness of group Dialectical Behavior Therapy (based on core distress tolerance and emotion regulation components) on expulsive anger and impulsive behaviors. Global Journal of Health Science, 6(7), 116-123. https://doi.org/10.5539/gjhs.v6n7p116

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13267

Katz, J., Mercer, S. H., & Skinner, S. (2020). Developing self-concept, coping skills, and social support in grades 3-12: A cluster-randomized trial of a combined mental health literacy and Dialectical Behavior Therapy skills program. School Mental Health, 12(2), 323-335. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12310-019-09353-x

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13268

Kaufman, E. A., Puzia, M. E., Godfrey, D. A., & Crowell, S. E. (2020). Physiological and behavioral effects of interpersonal validation: A multilevel approach to examining a core intervention strategy among self‐injuring adolescents and their mothers. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 76(3), 559-580. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22902

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13271

Keuthen, N. J., Rothbaum, B. O., Fama, J., Altenburger, E., Falkenstein, M. J., Sprich, S. E., Kearns, M., Meunier, S., Jenike, M. A., & Welch, S. S. (2012). DBT-enhanced cognitive-behavioral treatment for trichotillomania: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 1(3), 106-114. https://doi.org/10.1556/JBA.1.2012.003

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13273

Knoblich, N., Gundel, F., Brückmann, C., Becker-Sadzio, J., Frischholz, C., & Nieratschker, V. (2018). DNA methylation of APBA3 and MCF2 in borderline personality disorder: Potential biomarkers for response to psychotherapy. European Neuropsychopharmacology, 28(2), 252-263. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euroneuro.2017.12.010

This study is ineligible for review because it does not report program or service impacts on an eligible target outcome (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.5).

Study 13274

Knopf, A. (2017). DBT found effective for children with DMDD. Brown University Child & Adolescent Behavior Letter, 33(11), 3-4. https://doi.org/10.1002/cbl.30253

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13276

Kolar, D. R., Bürger, A., Hammerle, F., & Jenetzky, E. (2014). Aversive tension of adolescents with anorexia nervosa in daily course: A case-controlled and smartphone-based ambulatory monitoring trial. BMJ Open, 4, Article e004703. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2013-004703

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13277

Kolar, D. R., Hammerle, F., Jenetzky, E., & Huss, M. (2017). Smartphone-Enhanced Low-Threshold Intervention for Adolescents with Anorexia Nervosa (SELTIAN) waiting for outpatient psychotherapy: Study protocol of a randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open, 7(10), Article e018049. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018049

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13281

Kröger, C., Schweiger, U., Sipos, V., Arnold, R., Kahl, K. G., Schunert, T., Rudolf, S., & Reinecker, H. (2006). Effectiveness of Dialectical Behaviour Therapy for borderline personality disorder in an inpatient setting. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 44(8), 1211-1217. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2005.08.012

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13282

Kuehn, K. S., King, K. M., Linehan, M. M., & Harned, M. S. (2020). Modeling the suicidal behavior cycle: Understanding repeated suicide attempts among individuals with borderline personality disorder and a history of attempting suicide. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 88(6), 570-581. https://doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000496

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13284

Lanius, R. A., & Tuhan, I. (2003). Stage-oriented trauma treatment using Dialectical Behaviour Therapy. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 48(2), 126-127. https://doi.org/10.1177/070674370304800212

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13286

Liljedahl, S. I., Kleindienst, N., Wångby-Lundh, M., Lundh, L.-G., Daukantaite, D., Fruzzetti, A. E., & Westling, S. (2019). Family connections in different settings and intensities for underserved and geographically isolated families: A non-randomised comparison study. Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation, 6, Article 14. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40479-019-0111-6

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13287

Lin, T.-J., Ko, H.-C., Wu, J. Y.-W., Oei, T. P., Lane, H.-Y., & Chen, C.-H. (2019). The effectiveness of Dialectical Behavior Therapy skills training group vs. Cognitive Therapy Group on reducing depression and suicide attempts for borderline personality disorder in Taiwan. Archives of Suicide Research, 23(1), 82-99. https://doi.org/10.1080/13811118.2018.1436104

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 13288

Linehan, M. M., Armstrong, H. E., Suarez, A., Allmon, D., & Heard, H. L. (1991). Cognitive-behavioral treatment of chronically parasuicidal borderline patients. Archives of General Psychiatry, 48(12), 1060-1064. https://doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.1991.01810360024003

Linehan, M. M., Heard, H. L., & Armstrong, H. E. (1993). Naturalistic follow-up of a behavioral treatment for chronically parasuicidal borderline patients. Archives of General Psychiatry, 50(12), 971-974. https://doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.1993.01820240055007

Linehan, M. M., Tutek, D. A., Heard, H. L., & Armstrong, H. E. (1994). Interpersonal outcome of cognitive behavioral treatment for chronically suicidal borderline patients. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 151(12), 1771-1776. https://doi.org/10.1176/ajp.151.12.1771

Linehan, M. M., Heard, H. L., & Armstrong, H. E. (1994). 'Naturalistic follow-up of a behavioral treatment for chronically parasuicidal borderline patients': Erratum. Archives of General Psychiatry, 51(5), 422-422. https://psycnet.apa.org/record/1994-42217-001

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13289

Linehan, M. M. (1993). Dialectical Behavior Therapy for treatment of borderline personality disorder: Implications for the treatment of substance abuse. NIDA Research Monograph, 137, 201-216. https://archives.nida.nih.gov/sites/default/files/monograph137.pdf#page=206

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13291

Linehan, M. M., Dimeff, L. A., Reynolds, S. K., Comtois, K. A., Welch, S. S., Heagerty, P., & Kivlahan, D. R. (2002). Dialectical Behavior Therapy versus comprehensive validation therapy plus 12-step for the treatment of opioid dependent women meeting criteria for borderline personality disorder. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 67(1), 13-26. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0376-8716(02)00011-x

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 13292

Long, C. G., Fulton, B., Dolley, O., & Hollin, C. R. (2011). Dealing with feelings: The effectiveness of cognitive behavioural group treatment for women in secure settings. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 39(2), 243-247. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1352465810000573

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13297

Malekzadeh, M., Haghighi, S., & Movahedzadeh, B. (2018). The Effectiveness of group Dialectical Behavior Therapy method on major depression in individuals referred to residential and semi-residential addiction recovery centers. Qom University of Medical Sciences Journal, 12(3), 28-35. https://www.cabidigitallibrary.org/doi/full/10.5555/20183391058

This study is ineligible for review because it is not available in English (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.3).

Study 13303

McQuillan, A., Nicastro, R., Guenot, F., Girard, M., Lissner, C., & Ferrero, F. (2005). Intensive Dialectical Behavior Therapy for outpatients with borderline personality disorder who are in crisis. Psychiatric Services, 56(2), 193-197. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ps.56.2.193

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13306

Miller, G. D., Iverson, K. M., Kemmelmeier, M., MacLane, C., Pistorello, J., Fruzzetti, A. E., Watkins, M. M., Pruitt, L. D., Oser, M., Katrichak, B. M., Erikson, K. M., & Crenshaw, K. Y. (2011). A preliminary examination of burnout among counselor trainees treating clients with recent suicidal ideation and borderline traits. Counselor Education and Supervision, 50(5), 344-359. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6978.2011.tb01920.x

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13307

Mochrie, K. D., Lothes Ii, J., Guender, E., & St John, J. (2020). DBT-informed treatment in a partial hospital and intensive outpatient program: The role of step-down care. Research in Psychotherapy, 23(2), Article 461. https://doi.org/10.4081/ripppo.2020.461

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13308

Martin, D. J., Chernoff, R. A., Buitron, M., Comulada, W. S., Liang, L.-J., & Wong, F. L. (2012). Helping people with HIV/AIDS return to work: A randomized clinical trial. Rehabilitation Psychology, 57(4), 280-289. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0030207

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13311

Moritz, G. R., Pizutti, L. T., Cancian, A. C. M., Dillenburg, M. S., de Souza, L. A. S., Lewgoy, L. B., Basso, P., Andreola, M. M. P., Bau, C. H. D., Victor, M. M., Teche, S. P., Grevet, E. H., Philipsen, A., & Rohde, L. A. P. (2021). Feasibility trial of the Dialectical Behavior Therapy skills training group as add-on treatment for adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 77(3), 516-524. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.23049

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13312

Muhomba, M., Chugani, C. D., Uliaszek, A. A., & Kannan, D. (2017). Distress tolerance skills for college students: A pilot investigation of a brief DBT group skills training program. Journal of College Student Psychotherapy, 31(3), 247-256. https://doi.org/10.1080/87568225.2017.1294469

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13313

Murphy, A. M., & Bourke, J. (2014). Economic evaluation of Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) amongst those with borderline personality disorder (BPD) who engage in self-harm in Ireland [Conference Abstract]. Value in Health, 17(7), PA463. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jval.2014.08.1288

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible publication source (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.2).

Study 13314

Murphy, A., Bourke, J., Flynn, D., Kells, M., & Joyce, M. (2020). A cost-effectiveness analysis of Dialectical Behaviour Therapy for treating individuals with borderline personality disorder in the community. Irish Journal of Medical Science, 189(2), 415-423. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11845-019-02091-8

This study is ineligible for review because it does not report program or service impacts on an eligible target outcome (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.5).

Study 13316

Navarro-Haro, M. V., Harned, M. S., Korslund, K. E., DuBose, A., Chen, T., Ivanoff, A., & Linehan, M. M. (2019). Predictors of adoption and reach following Dialectical Behavior Therapy Intensive Training™. Community Mental Health Journal, 55(1), 100-111. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10597-018-0254-8

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13317

Neacsiu, A. D., Rizvi, S. L., & Linehan, M. M. (2010). Dialectical Behavior Therapy skills use as a mediator and outcome of treatment for borderline personality disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 48(9), 832-839. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2010.05.017

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13318

Neacsiu, A. D., Rizvi, S. L., Vitaliano, P. P., Lynch, T. R., & Linehan, M. M. (2010). The Dialectical Behavior Therapy ways of coping checklist: Development and psychometric properties. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 66(6), 563-582. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.20685

Neacsiu, A. D., Rompogren, J., Eberle, J. W., & McMahon, K. (2018). Changes in problematic anger, shame, and disgust in anxious and depressed adults undergoing treatment for emotion dysregulation. Behavior Therapy, 49(3), 344-359. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2017.10.004

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13321

Newlands, R. T., & Benuto, L. T. (2021). Enhancing mental health services for survivors of intimate partner violence: A stage one pilot. Community Mental Health Journal, 57, 1588-1594. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10597-021-00782-0

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 13322

Schmitt, R., Winter, D., Niedtfeld, I., Herpertz, S. C., & Schmahl, C. (2016). Effects of psychotherapy on neuronal correlates of reappraisal in female patients with borderline personality disorder. Biological Psychiatry, 1(6), 548-557. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bpsc.2016.07.003

Niedtfeld, I., Schmitt, R., Winter, D., Bohus, M., Schmahl, C., & Herpertz, S. C. (2017). Pain-mediated affect regulation is reduced after Dialectical Behavior Therapy in borderline personality disorder: A longitudinal fMRI study. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 12(5), 739-747. https://doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsw183

Winter, D., Niedtfeld, I., Schmitt, R., Bohus, M., Schmahl, C., & Herpertz, S. C. (2017). Neural correlates of distraction in borderline personality disorder before and after Dialectical Behavior Therapy. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 267(1), 51-62. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00406-016-0689-2

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13323

Nourisaeed, A., Shiroudi, S. G., & Salari, A. (2020). Effect of Dialectical Behavior Therapy on perceived stress and coping skills of patients with acute myocardial infarction. Journal of Guilan University Medical Sciences, 29(3), 2-13. https://doi.org/10.32598/JGUMS.29.3.1562.1

This study is ineligible for review because it is not available in English (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.3).

Study 13324

O'Toole, S. K., Diddy, E., & Kent, M. (2012). Mindfulness and emotional well-being in women with borderline personality disorder. Mindfulness, 3(2), 117-123. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-011-0085-y

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13327

Perseius, K-I., Samuelsson, M., Andersson, E., Berndtsson, T., Götmark, H., Henriksson, F., Kåver, A., Nilsonne, A., Åsberg, M. (2004). Does Dialectical Behavioural Therapy reduce treatment costs for patients with borderline personality disorder: A pilot study. Vård i Norden, 24(2), 27-30. https://doi.org/10.1177/010740830402400206

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13329

Prada, P., Nicastro, R., Zimmermann, J., Hasler, R., Aubry, J.-M., & Perroud, N. (2015). Addition of methylphenidate to intensive Dialectical Behaviour Therapy for patients suffering from comorbid borderline personality disorder and ADHD: A naturalistic study. Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders, 7(3), 199-209. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12402-015-0165-2

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13330

Rabinovitz, S., & Nagar, M. (2018). The effects of craving on implicit cognitive mechanisms involved in risk behavior: Can Dialectical Behavior Therapy in therapeutic communities make a difference? A pilot study. Therapeutic Communities, 39(2), 83-92. https://doi.org/10.1108/TC-12-2017-0034

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13334

Renewal House. (2012). Children's Bureau Family Connection Discretionary Grants: Final report. https://cwlibrary.childwelfare.gov/permalink/01CWIG_INST/10a03se/alma991001100099707651

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13335

Rezaie, Z., Afshari, B., & Balagabri, Z. (2021). Effects of Dialectical Behavior Therapy on emotion regulation, distress tolerance, craving, and depression in patients with opioid dependence disorder. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy. Advance Online Publication. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10879-020-09487-z

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 13336

Ricard, R. J., Lerma, E., & Heard, C. C. C. (2013). Piloting a Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) infused skills group in a disciplinary alternative education program (DAEP). Journal for Specialists in Group Work, 38(4), 285-306. https://doi.org/10.1080/01933922.2013.834402

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13337

Richardson-Vejlgaard, R., Broudy, C., Brodsky, B., Fertuck, E., & Stanley, B. (2013). Predictors of psychotherapy alliance in borderline personality disorder. Psychotherapy Research, 23(5), 539-546. https://doi.org/10.1080/10503307.2013.801001

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 13338

Rizvi, S. L., Hughes, C. D., Hittman, A. D., & Vieira Oliveira, P. (2017). Can trainees effectively deliver Dialectical Behavior Therapy for individuals with borderline personality disorder? Outcomes from a training clinic. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 73(12), 1599-1611. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22467

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13341

Rosenfeld, B., Galietta, M., Ivanoff, A., Garcia-Mansilla, A., Martinez, R., Fava, J., Fineran, V., & Green, D. (2007). Dialectical Behavior Therapy for the treatment of stalking offenders. The International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, 6(2), 95-103. https://doi.org/10.1080/14999013.2007.10471254

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13342

Rosenfeld, B., Galietta, M., Foellmi, M., Coupland, S., Turner, Z., Stern, S., Wijetunga, C., Gerbrandij, J., & Ivanoff, A. (2019). Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) for the treatment of stalking offenders: A randomized controlled study. Law and Human Behavior, 43(4), 319-328. https://doi.org/10.1037/lhb0000336

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13343

Ross, C. A. (2005). A proposed trial of Dialectical Behavior Therapy and trauma model therapy. Psychological Reports, 96(Suppl. 3), 901-911. https://doi.org/10.2466/pr0.96.3c.901-911

This study is ineligible for review because it does not report program or service impacts on an eligible target outcome (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.5).

Study 13348

Salamin, V., Kratzel, A., Gothuey, I., & Guenot, F. (2021). Compliant patients with borderline personality disorder non-responsive to one-year Dialectical Behavior Therapy: Outcomes of a second year. Journal of Behavioral and Cognitive Therapy, 31(2), 115-124. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbct.2021.01.001

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13349

Sandage, S. J., Long, B., Moen, R., Jankowski, P. J., Worthington, E. L., Jr., Wade, N. G., & Rye, M. S. (2015). Forgiveness in the treatment of borderline personality disorder: A quasi‐experimental study. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 71(7), 625-640. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22185

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13351

Searle, R. J., & Borseti, I. (2021). Adapted Dialectical Behaviour Therapy skills group service evaluation. Advances in Mental Health & Intellectual Disabilities, 15(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1108/AMHID-06-2020-0015

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13352

Seow, L. L. Y., Collins, K. R. L., Page, A. C., & Hooke, G. R. (2021). Outcomes of brief versions of Dialectical Behaviour Therapy for diagnostically heterogeneous groups in a routine care setting. Psychotherapy Research, 32(2), 179-194. https://doi.org/10.1080/10503307.2021.1933240

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13354

Simon, G. E., Beck, A., Rossom, R., Richards, J., Kirlin, B., King, D., Shulman, L., Ludman, E. J., Penfold, R., Shortreed, S. M., & Whiteside, U. (2016). Population-based outreach versus care as usual to prevent suicide attempt: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials, 17(1), Article 452. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-016-1566-z

Simon, G. E., Shortreed, S. M., Rossom, R. C., Beck, A., Clarke, G. N., Whiteside, U., Richards, J. E., Penfold, R. B., Boggs, J. M., & Smith, J. (2022). Effect of offering care management or online Dialectical Behavior Therapy skills training vs usual care on self-harm among adult outpatients with suicidal ideation: A randomized clinical trial. JAMA, 327(7), 630-638. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2022.0423

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13355

van den Bosch, L. M. C., Sinnaeve, R., Hakkaart-van Roijen, L., & van Furth, E. F. (2014). Efficacy and cost-effectiveness of an experimental short-term inpatient Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) program: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials, 15, Article 152. https://doi.org/10.1186/1745-6215-15-152

Sinnaeve, R., van den Bosch, L. M. C., Hakkaart-van Roijen, L., & Vansteelandt, K. (2018). Effectiveness of step-down versus outpatient Dialectical Behaviour Therapy for patients with severe levels of borderline personality disorder: A pragmatic randomized controlled trial. Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation, 5, Article 12. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40479-018-0089-5

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13356

Snoek, A., Beekman, A. T. F., Dekker, J., Aarts, I., van Grootheest, G., Blankers, M., Vriend, C., van den Heuvel, O., & Thomaes, K. (2020). A randomized controlled trial comparing the clinical efficacy and cost-effectiveness of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) and integrated EMDR-Dialectical Behavioural Therapy (DBT) in the treatment of patients with post-traumatic stress disorder and comorbid (sub)clinical borderline personality disorder: Study design. BMC Psychiatry, 20(1), Article 396. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02713-x

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13357

Soler, J., Pascual, J. C., Campins, J., Barrachina, J., Puigdemont, D., Alvarez, E., & Pérez, V. (2005). Double-blind, placebo-controlled study of Dialectical Behavior Therapy plus olanzapine for borderline personality disorder. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 162(6), 1221-1224. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.162.6.1221

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13358

Soler, J., Pascual, J. C., Tiana, T., Cebrià, A., Barrachina, J., Campins, M. J., Gich, I., Alvarez, E., & Pérez, V. (2009). Dialectical Behaviour Therapy skills training compared to standard group therapy in borderline personality disorder: A 3-month randomised controlled clinical trial. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 47(5), 353-358. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2009.01.013

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 13359

Springer, T., Lohr, N. E., Buchtel, H. A., & Silk, K. R. (1996). A preliminary report of short-term cognitive-behavioral group therapy for inpatients with personality disorders. The Journal of Psychotherapy Practice and Research, 5(1), 57-71. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3330405/

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13361

Swart, J., & Apsche, J. (2014). A comparative treatment efficacy study of conventional therapy and mode deactivation therapy (MDT) for adolescents with conduct disorders, mixed personality disorders, and experiences of childhood trauma. International Journal of Behavioral Consultation & Therapy, 9(1), 23-29. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0101011

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13362

Swart, J., & Apsche, J. (2014). Family mode deactivation therapy (FMDT): A randomized controlled trial for adolescents with complex issues. International Journal of Behavioral Consultation & Therapy, 9(1), 14-22. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0101010

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13365

Tobon, J. I., Zipursky, R. B., Streiner, D. L., Colvin, E., Bahl, N., Ouimet, A. J., Burckell, L., Jeffs, L., & Bieling, P. J. (2020). Motivational enhancement as a pretreatment to a transdiagnostic intervention for emerging adults with emotion dysregulation: A pilot randomized controlled trial. Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 29(3), 132-148. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7391867/

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13367

Trexler, R. (2017). Personality disorders and effective treatment. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing & Mental Health Services, 55(1), Article 16. https://doi.org/10.3928/02793695-20170119-02

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13368

Trupin, E. W., Stewart, D. G., Beach, B., & Boesky, L. (2002). Effectiveness of Dialectical Behaviour Therapy program for incarcerated female juvenile offenders. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 7(3), 121-127. https://doi.org/10.1111/1475-3588.00022

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13369

Turner, R. M. (2000). Naturalistic evaluation of Dialectical Behavior Therapy-oriented treatment for borderline personality disorder. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 7(4), 413-419. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1077-7229(00)80052-8

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13370

Uliaszek, A. A., Rashid, T., Williams, G. E., & Gulamani, T. (2016). Group therapy for university students: A randomized control trial of Dialectical Behavior Therapy and positive psychotherapy. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 77, 78-85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2015.12.003

Uliaszek, A. A., Hamdullahpur, K., Chugani, C. D., & Tayyab, R. (2018). Mechanisms of change in group therapy for treatment-seeking university students. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 109, 10-17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2018.07.006

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 13372

van den Bosch, L. M. C., Hysaj, M., & Jacobs, P. (2012). DBT in an outpatient forensic setting. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 35(4), 311-316. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijlp.2012.04.009

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13373

Van Dijk, S., Jeffrey, J., & Katz, M. R. (2013). A randomized, controlled, pilot study of Dialectical Behavior Therapy skills in a psychoeducational group for individuals with bipolar disorder. Journal of Affective Disorders, 145(3), 386-393. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2012.05.054

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13374

Walton, C. J., Bendit, N., Baker, A. L., Carter, G. L., & Lewin, T. J. (2020). A randomised trial of Dialectical Behaviour Therapy and the conversational model for the treatment of borderline personality disorder with recent suicidal and/or non-suicidal self-injury: An effectiveness study in an Australian public mental health service. The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 54(10), 1020-1034. https://doi.org/10.1177/0004867420931164

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 13375

Waltz, J., Dimeff, L. A., Koerner, K., Linehan, M. M., Taylor, L., & Miller, C. (2009). Feasibility of using video to teach a Dialectical Behavior Therapy skill to clients with borderline personality disorder. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 16(2), 214-222. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpra.2008.08.004

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13376

Ward-Ciesielski, E. F., Tidik, J. A., Edwards, A. J., & Linehan, M. M. (2017). Comparing brief interventions for suicidal individuals not engaged in treatment: A randomized clinical trial. Journal of Affective Disorders, 222, 153-161. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2017.07.011

Ward-Ciesielski, E. F., Jones, C. B., Wielgus, M. D., Wilks, C. R., & Linehan, M. M. (2016). Single-session Dialectical Behavior Therapy skills training versus relaxation training for non-treatment-engaged suicidal adults: A randomized controlled trial. BMC Psychology, 4, Article 13. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40359-016-0117-4

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).

Study 13377

Wasser, T., Tyler, R., McLlhaney, K., Taplin, R., & Henderson, L. (2008). Effectiveness of Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) versus standard therapeutic milieu (STM) in a cohort of adolescents receiving residential treatment. Best Practices in Mental Health, 4(2), 114-125. https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2010-25109-008

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13378

Wilks, C. R., Korslund, K. E., Harned, M. S., & Linehan, M. M. (2016). Dialectical Behavior Therapy and domains of functioning over two years. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 77, 162-169. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2015.12.013

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13379

Wilks, C., Yin, Q., Ang, S. Y., Matsumiya, B., Lungu, A., & Linehan, M. (2017). Internet-delivered Dialectical Behavioral Therapy skills training for suicidal and heavy episodic drinkers: Protocol and preliminary results of a randomized controlled trial. JMIR Research Protocols, 6(10), Article e207. https://doi.org/10.2196/resprot.7767

Wilks, C. R., Lungu, A., Ang, S. Y., Matsumiya, B., Yin, Q., & Linehan, M. M. (2018). A randomized controlled trial of an internet delivered Dialectical Behavior Therapy skills training for suicidal and heavy episodic drinkers. Journal of Affective Disorders, 232, 219-228. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.02.053

Wilks, C. R., Yin, Q., & Zuromski, K. L. (2020). User experience affects dropout from internet-delivered Dialectical Behavior Therapy. Telemedicine Journal and E-Health, 26(6), 794-797. https://doi.org/10.1089/tmj.2019.0124

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 13380

Wix, S. (2003). Dialectical Behaviour Therapy observed. British Journal of Forensic Practice, 5(2), 3-7. https://doi.org/10.1108/14636646200300008

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 13383

Zamani, N., Jenaabadi, H., & Farhadi, M. (2017). Comparison of effectiveness of Dialectic Behavioral Therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy on depression in women with multiple sclerosis. Qom University of Medical Sciences Journal, 10(12), 1-3. https://www.magiran.com/paper/1666073/comparison-of-effectiveness-of-dialectic-behavioral-therapy-and-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-depression-in-women-with-multiple-sclerosis?lang=en

This study is ineligible for review because it is not available in English (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.3).

Study 13386

Zinkler, M., Gaglia, A., Arokiadass, S. M. R., & Farhy, E. (2007). Dialectical Behaviour Treatment: Implementation and outcomes. Psychiatric Bulletin, 31(7), 249-252. https://doi.org/10.1192/pb.bp.106.011874

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 14781

Flynn, D., Kells, M., Joyce, M., Suarez, C., & Gillespie, C. (2018). Dialectical Behaviour Therapy for treating adults and adolescents with emotional and behavioural dysregulation: Study protocol of a coordinated implementation in a publicly funded health service. BMC Psychiatry, 18(1), Article 51. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-018-1627-9

This study is ineligible for review because it does not report program or service impacts on an eligible target outcome (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.5).

Study 14782

Flynn, D., Joyce, M., Spillane, A., Wrigley, C., Corcoran, P., Hayes, A., Flynn, M., Wyse, D., Corkery, B., & Mooney, B. (2019). Does an adapted Dialectical Behaviour Therapy skills training programme result in positive outcomes for participants with a dual diagnosis? A mixed methods study. Addiction Science & Clinical Practice, 14(1), Article 28. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-019-0156-2

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4)

Study 14805

McDonell, M. G., Tarantino, J., Dubose, A. P., Matestic, P., Steinmetz, K., Galbreath, H., & McClellan, J. M. (2010). A pilot evaluation of Dialectical Behavioural Therapy in adolescent long-term inpatient care. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 15(4), 193-196. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-3588.2010.00569.x

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 14806

Hesslinger, B., Tebartz van Elst, L., Nyberg, E., Dykierek, P., Richter, H., Berner, M., Ebert, D. (2002). Psychotherapy of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in adults: A pilot study using a structured skills training program. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 252, 177-184. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00406-002-0379-0

This study is ineligible for review because it is not a study of the program or service under review (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.6).

Study 14807

Hirvikoski, T., Waaler, E., Alfredsson, J., Pihlgren, C., Holmström, A., Johnson, A., Rück, J., Wiwe, C., Bothén, P., & Nordström, A. L. (2011). Reduced ADHD symptoms in adults with ADHD after structured skills training group: Results from a randomized controlled trial. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 49(3), 175-185. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2011.01.001

This study is ineligible for review because it does not use an eligible study design (Study Eligibility Criterion 4.1.4).